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Ch 12

Basics of Chemistry

A combination of substances that are held together by physical rather than chemical ties is called a: mixture
A special type of oil use in nail polish dyers and as a skin protectant is: silicone
There are ___ naturally occurring elements, each with its own distinctive physical and chemical properties. 94
The separating of a substance into ions is known as: ionization
When fermented to make wine, the sugar in grapes is converted to: ethyl alcohol
In creating a solution, the liquid used to dissolve a substance is called the: solvent
__________ are substances used to neutralize acids or raise the pH of many hair products. alkanolamines
A permanent mixture of two or more substances that are united with the aid of a binder is a/an: emulsion
Temporary mixtures of two kinds of matter are: suspensions
Substances that act as a bridge to allow oil and water to mix or emulsify are: surfactants
______ organic compounds are substances containing carbon and evaporate very quickly and easily. volatile
Another name for alkalis is: bases
A chemical reaction in which oxygen is subtracted from or a hydrogen is added to a substance is called: reduction reaction
Redox is a contraction for: oxidation-reduction
A substance that adds hydrogen to a chemical compound or subtracts oxygen from the compound is known as a: reducing agent
Created by: ssw8418