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chapter 21

content vocalbulary

demand the desire willingness and ability to buy a good or service
demand schedule table showing quantities demanded at different possible prices
demand curve downward sloping line that graphically shows the quantities demanded at each possible price
law of demand the concept that people are normally willing to buy less of a product if the price is high and more if the price is low
market demand the total demand of all consumers for a product or service
utility the amount of satisfaction one gets from a good or service
marginal utility additional use that is derived from each unit aquired
substitute a competing product that consumers can use in place of one another
complement product often used with another product
demand elasticity measure of responiveness relating change in quantity to change in price
supply the amount of goods and services that producers are willing and able to sell at various prices during a specific time period
law of supply the principle that suppliers will normally offer more for sale at higher prices and less at lower prices
supply schedule table showing quantities supplied at different possible prices
supply curve downward sloping line that graphically shows the quantities supplied at each possible price
profit the money a business receives for its products or services over and above its costs
market supply the total of all supply schedules of all businesses that provide the same good or service
productivity the degree to which resources are being used efficiently to produce goods and services
technology the methods or proceses used to make goods and services
subsidy a government payment to an individual business or group for certain actions
supply elasticity responiveness relating change in quantites supplied to change in price
surplus situation in which quantity supplied is greater than the quantity demanded
shortage situation in which quantity demanded is greater than the quantity supplied
equilibrium price the price at which the amount producers ere willing to supply is equal to the amount consumers are willing to buy
price ceiling maximum price that can be charged for goods and services set by government
price floor minimum price that can be charged for goods and services set by government
minimum wage lowest legal wage that can be paid to most us workers
Created by: ColeGillespie