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Chapter 16/17 Vocabulary: Properties of Aqueous Solutions

aqueous solution water samples containing dissolved substances
solute dissolved particles
solvent the dissolving medium
solution a homogeneous mixture
concentration a measurement of the amount of solute that is dissolved in a given quantity of solute. Usually expressed as mol/L
dilute solution contains only a small amount of solute.
Henry's law states that at a given temperature the solutbility of a gas in a liquid (S) is directly proportional to the pressure of the gas above the liquid (P).
immiscible Liquids that are insoluble in one another.
miscible two liquids are said to be this if they dissolve in each other.
molarity is the number of moles of a solute dissolved in 1L of solution.
saturated solution contains the maximum amount of solute for a given amount of solvent at a constant temperature.
solutbility of a substance is the amount of substance that dissolves in a give quantity of a solvent at a give temperature to produce a saturated solution.
supersaturated solution a solution which contains more solute than it can theoretically hold at a given temperature.
insoluble incapable of being dissolved
soluble capable of being dissolved
unsaturated solution a solution that contains less solute the the saturated solution.
Created by: KellyBeck