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Chapter 13 Terms
|The ability of an organization to maintain its operations and services in the face of a disruptive event.
|business continuity planning and testing
|The process of identifying exposure to threats, creating preventive and recovery procedures, and then testing them to determine if they are sufficient.
|business impact analysis (BIA)
|An analysis that identifies mission-critical business functions and quantifies that impact a loss of a such functions may have on the organization in terms of its operational and financial position.
|chain of custody
|A process of documentation that shows that the evidence was under strict control at all times and no unauthorized individuals were given the opportunity to corrupt the evidence.
|Combining two or more servers to appear as one single unit.
|A remote site that provides office space; the customer must provide and install all the equipment needed to continue operations.
|Using technology to search for computer evidence of a crime.
|continuity of operations
|The ability of a business to continue to function in the event of a disaster.
|The process of copying information to a different medium and storing it (preferably at an offsite location) so that is can be used in the event of a disaster.
|disaster recovery plan (DRP)
|A written document that details that process for restoring IT resources following an event that causes a significant disruption in service.
|A metallic enclosure that prevents the entry or escape of an electromagnetic field.
|The application of science to questions that are of interest to the legal profession.
|heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC)
|Systems that provide and regulate heating and cooling.
|A system that can function for an extended period of time with little downtime.
|hot aisle/cold aisle
|A layout in a data center that can be used to reduce heat by managing air flow.
|A duplicate of the production site that has all the equipment needed for an organization to continue running, including office space and furniture, telephone jacks, computer equipment, and a live telecommunications link.
|IT contingency planning
|The process of developing an outline of procedures to be followed in the event of a major IT incident or an incident that directly impacts IT.
|mean time between failures (MTBF)
|A statistical value that is the average time until la component fails, cannot be repaired, and must be replaced.
|order of volatility
|The sequence of volatile data that must be preserved in a computer forensic investigation.
|A technology that used multiple hard disk drives for increased reliability and performance.
|recovery point objective (RPO)
|The maximum length of time that an organization can tolerate between backups.
|recovery time objective (RTO)
|The length of time it will take to recover data that has been backed up.
|The process of identifying threats.
|single point of failure
|A component or entity in a system which, if it no longer functions, would adversely affect the entire system.
|Determining in advance who will be authorized to take over in the event of the incapacitation or death of key employees.
|A snapshot of the current state of the computer that contains all settings and data.
|Exercises that simulate an emergency situation but in an informal and stress-free environment.
|A remote site that contains computer equipment but does not have active Internet or telecommunication facilities, and does not have backups of data.