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# Chapter 7

### Light, Bohr Model, Quantum Numbers

The visible light spectrum is found in between ___ and ___ ultraviolet and infrared rays
___ is the number of waves you have per second Frequency
Frequency is in the units of: Hz or s-1
Distance from one crest of a wave to another is called the__ wavelength
Frequency and energy are __ proportional directly
If energy is high, then the __ is high frequency
If frequency is low, then the __ is low energy
Frequency and wavelength are ___ proportional inversely
If the wavelength is high then the frequency must be __ low
If the frequency is low then the wavelength must be long
Wavelength is in the unit of __ meters
When energy is absorbed, electrons are __ raised to higher energy levels
When energy is emitted, electrons __ fall to lower energy levels
Another word for being released is being __ emitted
Ground state is when: n=1
Wavelength is inversely proportional to mass
What is an orbital? A probability distribution map showing where the electron may be found
Principle Quantum Number (n) tells us: size of orbital energy distance if electron from nucleus
The Principle Quantum Number (n) specifies the __ shell principle
Principle Quantum Number can only have ____ positive integers
Which quantum number tells describes the shape of an orbital? Angular momentum quantum number
The Angular Momentum Quantum Number specifies the ___ subshell
Which quantum number uses the variable L? Angular Momentum Quantum Number
Which quantum number uses the variable n? Principle Quantum Number
The quantum number ___ can only have a variable of n -1 angular momentum
Magnetic Quantum Number describes the: orientation of an orbital
___ can only have integer values from L to -L magnetic quantum number
ML stands for magnetic quantum number
L can NEVER be: negative
The number of atomic orbitals in each subshell is the same as the number of ___ ML values
What do quantum numbers describe? The electron cloud around the nucleus in the atom
Electron Spin Quantum Numbers describe: electron behavior
___ can only have integer values of +1/2 or -1/2 electron spin quantum numbers
Electron spin quantum number is represented by __ Ms
If 2 electrons have the same spin they are considered __ or __ parallel or unpaired
If 2 electrons have an opposite spin they are considered __ or __ nonparallel or paired
For orbital notation, the number comes from ___ and the letter comes from ___ n, whatever L corresponds with
What is the maximum number of s orbitals? 1
What is the maximum number of p orbitals? 3
What is the maximum number of d orbitals? 5
What is the maximum number of f orbitals 7
Which orbital is shaped like a sphere? s orbital
Which orbital is shaped like a dumbbell? p orbital
Which orbital is shaped like a
Created by: Mariahj25