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ocr chem reagents

Reagents and Conditions for ocr salters chemisty

ReactionCondition
Alkene to Alkane Hydrogen, Nickel Catalyst
Alkene to Alcohol Steam, Acid catalyst, heat and pressure.
Alkene to Dibromoalkane Bromine
Alkene to 1 bromoalkane Hydrogen Bromide
Alkene to Dichloro alkane Chlorine
Alkane to Bromoalkane UV Light, Bromine
Alcohol to Alkene 300 degrees and Aluminium Oxide catalyst
Halogenoalkane to Amine Ammonia
Halogenoalkane to Alcohol NaOH, Reflux
Alcohol to Ester Reflux with carboxylic acid, conc. sulphuric acid. Or acyl chloride at room temp.
Primary Alcohol to Aldehyde Acidified Potassium dichromate, Distil
Primary Alcohol to Carboxylic Acid Acidified Potassium dichromate, Reflux
Secondary alcohol to Ketone Acidified Potassium dichromate, Reflux
Aldehyde or Ketone to Nitrile HCN in the presence of alkali.
Ester to Alcohol & Carboxylic Acid Water, dilute sulphuric acid catalyst or conc sodium hydroxide.
Carboxylic Acid or Aldehyde to Primary Alcohol NaBH4
Ketone to Secondary Alcohol NaBH4
Phenol to Ester Acyl chloride or acid anhydride.
Benzene to Chlorobenzene AlCl3, Cl2, Anhydrous
Benzene to Bromobenzene FeBr3, Br2
Benzene to Nitrobenzene Concentrated HNO3, H2SO4, less that 55 degrees
Benzene to Benzene Sulfonic Acid H2SO4, reflux
Benzene to Benzene with an R group R-Cl, AlCl3, Reflux, Anhydrous
Benzene to Benzene with a COR group R-COCl or acid anhydride, AlCl3, Reflux, Anhydrous
Acyl Chloride & Amine to Amide Anhydrous Conditions, room temperature.
Amide (peptide) to Carboxylic Acid and Amine Reflux, Aqueous acid or alkali moderately concentrated.
Phenylamine to Diazonium ion NaNO2 and HCl
Diazonium ion to Azo Dye Low Temp (less than 5 degress), sodium hydroxide, coupling agent such as phenol.
Created by: big_throbber
 

 



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