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Lessons 6-13

Metals, Non-Metals and Bonding

luster shine
ductile able to be drawn into wire
malleable able to be hammered or bent into a shape
dense heavy for its size
reactive easily combines chemically with other elements
metalloids have properties and characteristics of both metals and non-metals
ions atoms with either a positive or negative electrical charge
cation atoms that lose electrons and have a positive charge
anion atoms that gain electrons and have a negative charge
valence shell the outermost shell of an atom
valence electron the electrons found in the outermost shell of an atom
ionic bond type of bond where atoms give electrons to other atoms and there is an attraction between oppositely charged ions
covalent bond type of bond where electrons are shared between atoms
metals found to the left of the staircase on the periodic table, form ionic bonds with non-metals, lustrous, ductile, malleable, conductors
non-metals found to the right of the staircase on the periodic table, dull, brittle, do not conduct electricity
octet rule atoms want to have 8 electrons in their outer shell to be stable
oxidation number the total number of electrons that an atom either gains or loses in order to form a chemical bond with another atom
Created by: ronikaye