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Atoms and Ions

An electrically neutral particle; retains its identity in a chemical reaction ATOM
Atom with a positive or negative charge. PROTON
When an atom loses electrons it becomes a(n) _________ CATION
When an atom gains electrons it becomes a(n) __________ ANION
Electrons that are in the s and p sub-levels of the highest main energy level. VALENCE ELECTRONS
Atoms will gain, lose or share electrons in order to acquire the full electron arrangement of a noble gas. OCTET RULE
The group of elements that has a full outer energy level. NOBLE GASES
Elements found to the left of the zig-zag line on the periodic table. METALS
Elements found to the right of the zig-zag line on the periodic table. NONMETALS
Positively charged ion. CATION
Negatively charged ion. ANION.
The element with this configuration:[Ne]3s^2 3p^5, Chlorine (Cl)
The element with this configuration: [Xe]6s^2 4f^14 5d^10 6p^2 Lead (Pb)
How many valence electrons would this element have? [Rn] 7s^2 5f^14 6d^8 2-VE
What charge would this neutral atom have
numbers found before the periods on periodic table tell what? Energy level
The group number of the main group elements tell what? number of VE
electrons found in the outermost energy level are called _____ VE
what is meant by 3p^3 3 electrons in the p sublevel of the 3rd energy level
how many orbitals does a d sublevel have? 5
third energy level has how many sub-levels? 3 (s, p and d)
Which sublevel can hold a maximum of 14 electrons? f sublevel
Created by: jabrophy



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