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Adware A software program that delivers advertising content in a manner that is unexpected and unwanted by the user
Armored Virus A virus that goes through great lengths in order to avoid detection
Backdoor Software code that gives access to a program or service that circumvents normal security protections
Bot Herder An attacker who controls a botnet
Botnet A logical computer network of zombies under the control of an attacker
Command and Control The structure by which a bot herder gives instructions to zombies in a botnet
Computer Virus Malicious computer code that, like its biological counterpart, reproduces itself on the same computer
Dumpster Diving The act of digging through trash receptacles to find info that can be useful in an attack
Hoax A false warning designed to trick users into changing security settings on their computer
Impersonation A social engineering attack that involves masquerading as a real or fictitious then playing out the role of that person on a victim
Keylogger Software or hardware device that captures and stores each keystroke that a user types on the computer's keyboard
Logic Bomb Computer code that lies dormant until it is triggered by a specific logical event
Macro A series of instructions that can be grouped together as a single command, often used to automate a complex set of tasks or a repeated series of tasks
Macro Virus A computer virus that is written in a script known as a macro
Malware Software that enters a computer system without the user's knowledge or consent and then performs an unwanted and usually harmful action
Metamorphic Malware Malware that rewrites its own code and thus appears different each time it is exicuted
Oligomorphic Malware Malware that changes its internal code to one of a set number of predefined mutations whenever it is exicuted
Pharming A phishing attack that automatically redirects the user to a fake site
Phishing Sending an email or displaying a web announcement that falsely claims to be from a legitimate enterprise in an attempt to trick the user into surrendering private info
Polymorphic Malware Malware code that completely changes from its original form whenever it is executed
Program Virus A computer virus that infects executable program files
Ransomware Malware that prevents the user's device from properly operating until a fee is paid
Rootkit A set of software tools used by an attacker to hide the actions or presence of other types of malicious software
Shoulder Surfing Watching an authorized user enter a security code on a keypad
Social Engineering A means of gathering information for an attack by relying on the weakness of individuals
Spam Unsolicited email
Spyware A general term used to describe software that spies on users by gathering info without consent
Tailgating When unauthorized individuals enters a restricted-access building by following an authorized user
Trojan Horse An executable program that is advertised as performing one activity but which actually performs a malicious activity
Typo Squatting Redirecting a user to a fictitious website based on a misspelling of the URL. also called URL hijacking
URL Hijacking Redirecting a user to a fictitious website based on a misspelling of the URL. also called typo squatting
Vishing A phishing attack that uses telephone calls instead of emails
Watering Hole Attack A malicious attack that is directed towards a small group of specific individuals who visit the same website
Whaling A phishing attack that targets only wealthy individuals
Worm A malicious program designed to enter a computer via a network to take advantage of a vulnerability in an application or an OS
Zombie An infected computer that is under the remote control of an attacker
Spim A variation of spam, which targets instant messaging users instead of email users
Spear Phishing A phishing attack that targets only specific users
Created by: JacobAntholz