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# Math vocab

Term | Definition |
---|---|

> | is greater than |

< | is less than |

addition | is used when you want to combine amounts |

sum | the answer to an addition problem |

total | the answer to an addition problem |

subtraction | is used when you want to find the difference between amounts |

difference | the answer to a subtraction problem |

multiplication | is used when you want to combine the same amount multiple times |

product | the answer to a multiplication problem |

division | is used when you want to find how many equal parts an amount can be divided into |

dividend | the amount being divided |

divisor | the number you are dividing by |

quotient | the answer to a division problem |

integer | any whole number |

even number | any number that can be divided exactly by 2 (no remainder) |

odd number | any number than is NOT divisible by 2 (it would have a remainder) |

divisible | a number is divisible by another number if you can divide by that number and have no remainder |

factors | numbers that multiply to make a certain product |

multiple | the product of both factors in a problem |

prime number | a number that has exactly 2 factors, itself and 1. |

composite number | a number that has more than 2 factors |

greatest common factor | the greatest number that you can divide evenly into all numbers in a given set |

commutative property (works only with addition or multiplication) | you can add or multiply numbers in any order, and the result will be the same |

associative property (works with addition or multiplication) | it allows you to change how numbers are grouped |

distributive property (works with addition and multiplication as well as subtraction) | example: a(b+c) = ab + ac OR a(b-c) = ab-ac |

positive number (in multiplication or division) | both numbers are positive OR both numbers are negative (both are the same sign) |

negative number (in multiplication or division) | one positive and one negative number |

absolute value | a number's distance from zero |

power | used to show repeated multiplication of the same number |

square | a number raised to the second power |

cube | a number raised to the third power |