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# Math vocab

TermDefinition
> is greater than
< is less than
addition is used when you want to combine amounts
sum the answer to an addition problem
total the answer to an addition problem
subtraction is used when you want to find the difference between amounts
difference the answer to a subtraction problem
multiplication is used when you want to combine the same amount multiple times
product the answer to a multiplication problem
division is used when you want to find how many equal parts an amount can be divided into
dividend the amount being divided
divisor the number you are dividing by
quotient the answer to a division problem
integer any whole number
even number any number that can be divided exactly by 2 (no remainder)
odd number any number than is NOT divisible by 2 (it would have a remainder)
divisible a number is divisible by another number if you can divide by that number and have no remainder
factors numbers that multiply to make a certain product
multiple the product of both factors in a problem
prime number a number that has exactly 2 factors, itself and 1.
composite number a number that has more than 2 factors
greatest common factor the greatest number that you can divide evenly into all numbers in a given set
commutative property (works only with addition or multiplication) you can add or multiply numbers in any order, and the result will be the same
associative property (works with addition or multiplication) it allows you to change how numbers are grouped
distributive property (works with addition and multiplication as well as subtraction) example: a(b+c) = ab + ac OR a(b-c) = ab-ac
positive number (in multiplication or division) both numbers are positive OR both numbers are negative (both are the same sign)
negative number (in multiplication or division) one positive and one negative number
absolute value a number's distance from zero
power used to show repeated multiplication of the same number
square a number raised to the second power
cube a number raised to the third power
Created by: jpiittmann