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SAT Vocab

Lesson 2

TermDefinition
Antithesis a direct opposite, a contrast Good is the antithesis of evil.
Ascend to move upward, to rise from a lower station The climbers ascended the mountain.
Austere strict, stern; unadorned, ascetic Pioneers usually led an austere existence.
Autonomous independent, self-conatined One who is autonomous needs no help from others.
Banal common, ordinary, lacking freshness, hackneyed Because of his use of overused trite remarks, his speeches are banal and put me to sleep.
Benign not causing harm, of gentle disposition, beneficial The minister was loved because of his benign attitude toward all types of people.
Capricious changing suddenly, fickle Her capricious moods are difficult to anticipate since they change by the minute.
Dawdle to waste time, to spend time idly, to move in a lackadaisical manner Since we have a deadline, do not dawdle with your work.
Defamation act of harming or ruining another's reputation The defamation of another's character through lies is a horrible thing.
Esoteric understood only by a small group or a select few The English teachers were having an esoteric discussion about the correct use of some obscure word.
Exacerbate to aggravate, to irritate, to vex You will only exacerbate the the wound if you keep touching it.
Extol to praise, to glorify The teacher would always extol students who did their best.
Fastidious reflecting a meticulous or demanding attitude, critical to an extreme He considered her fastidious because she was offended by insignificant mistakes or errors.
Furtive secret in an underhanded way, stealthy; sneaky During the test, he made some furtive glances at other classmates' papers.
Gregarious sociable, outgoing Greg was very gregarious and made friends wherever he went.
Hypocrite one who is insincere or deceitful Saying one thing and doing another is the mark of a hypocrite.
Innate existing from birth, inborn He has innate athletic talents that cannot be taught.
Lethargic sluggish, languid Having had too much to drink, he was very lethargic the morning after the party.
Melancholy depression of spirits After he lost his wife of 50 years, he fell into a state of melancholy.
Opaque not allowing the passage of light, not transparent; hard to understand Glass in shower stalls is usually opaque.
Prolific abundantly fruitful, marked by great productivity Stephen King is a prolific writer, since he has written a number of books in a short period of time.
Reprove to scold or rebuke for a misdeed usually kindly intent The teacher had to reprove the student for talking during class.
Symmetry balanced proportions The symmetry of the gardens of Versailles creates a beautiful and balanced atmosphere.
Tranquil peaceful, calm Weather in Texas can quickly change from tranquil to turbulent.
Venerate to honor, to revere Although I did not always agree with President Kennedy, I venerate his memory.
Created by: Mr. Battaglini