Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Science Chapter 4

Vocabulary Carbon Chemistry

Diamond a form of the element carbon; it is the hardest mineral crystal on Earth
Graphite a form of the element carbon in which carbon atoms form flat layers
Fullerene a form of the element carbon that consists of carbon atoms arranged in a repeating pattern
Organic compound most compounds that contain carbon
Hydrocarbon an organic compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen
Molecular Formula a combination of chemical symbols that represent the elements in each molecule of a compound
Subscript a number in a formula written in lower and smaller than the symbol to indicate the number of atoms of an element in a molecule
Structural formula a description of a molecule that shows the kind, number, and arrangement of atoms
Isomer one of a number of compounds that have the same molecule formula but different structures
Saturated hydrocarbon a hydrocarbon in which all the bonds between carbon atoms are single bonds
Unsaturated hydrocarbon a hydrocarbon in which one or more of the binds between carbon atoms is double or triple
Substituted hydrocarbon a hydrocarbon in which one or more hydrocarbon atoms have been replaced by atoms of other elements
Hydroxyl group An -OH group, found in alcohols
Alcohol a substituted hydrocarbon that contains one or more hydroxyl groups
Organic acid a substituted hydrocarbon with one or more of the -COOH group of atoms
Carboxyl group A -COOH group, found in organic acids
Ester an organic compound made by chemically combining an alcohol and an organic acid
Polymer a large molecule in the form of a chain in which many smaller molecules are bonded together
Monomer one molecule that makes up the link in a polymer
Synthetic a material that is not formed naturally but is manufactured
Nutrient a substance that provides energy or raw materials for the body to grow, repair worn parts, or function properly
Digestion the process of breaking polymers into monomers by means of a chemical change
Carbohydrate an energy-rich organic compound made of the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Glucose a sugar found in the body; the monomer of many complex carbohydrates
Complex carbohydrate a long chain, or polymer, of simple carbohydrates
Starch a complex carbohydrate in which plants store energy
Cellulose a complex carbohydrate found in plant structures
Protein an organic compound that is a polymer of amino acids
Amino acid one of 20 kinds of organic compounds that are the monomers of proteins
Lipid an energy-rich polymer made of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen; examples: fats, oils, waxes, and cholesterol
Fatty acid an organic compound that is a monomer of a fat or oil
Cholesterol a waxy lipid found in all animal cells
Nucleic acid a very large organic compound made up of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and phosphorous. Examples: DNA and RNA
DNA Deoxyribro Nucleic Acid
RNA Ribo Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide an organic that is one of the monomers of nucleic acids
Vitamin an organic compound that serves as a helper molecule in a variety of chemical reactions in the body
Mineral a simple element needed by the body, that is not orgainic
Created by: Joes2016