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# math vocab 1-4

Term | Definition |
---|---|

numbers that are not fractions or decimals | whole numbers |

a decimal that ends or terminates | Terminating decimal |

the distance a number is away from zero on a number line | absolute value |

the set of whole numbers and their opposites | Integers |

whole numbers beginning at 1 | counting/natural numbers |

Any number that can be written as a/b and b is not zero | Rational Number |

another way of writing a fraction | decimal |

a comparison of 2 quantities by division | Ratio |

The numbers that make up a given number | Digits |

a ratio that compares the whole group to part of the group | Whole to part ratio |

the flat surface created by the x and y axis lines | coordinate plane |

part of a whole number written using a numerator and a denominator | fraction |

numbers to the left of zero on a number line | negative integers |

the line that divides a figure into two halves that are a reflection of each other | line of symmetry |

integers to the right of zero on a number line | positive integers |

two integers that are the same distance from zero | opposite integers |

two fractions with like denominators | common denominators |

a ratio that compares a part of the group to the whole group | part to whole ratio |

the horizontal line on a coordinate plane | x axis |

the point where the x and y axis intersect | origin |

a line or bar above the part of a repeating decimal that repeats | bar notation |

the vertical line on a coordinate plane | y axis |

using a fraction such as 1/2 as a reference point | benchmark |

fractions that name the same amount but look different | equivalent fractions |

the four regions on the coordinate plane | four quadrants |

a fraction in which 1 is the only number that can divide evenly into the numerator and denominator | simplest form |

a decimal in which one or more digits repeat | repeating decimal |

a pair of coordinates that represent a point on the coordinate plane | ordered pair |

in a fraction, the number above the fraction line | numerator |

fractions that do not have the same number on the denominators | unlike fractions |

in a fraction, the number below the fraction line | denominator |

a flipped over fraction | reciprocal |

a point in the same position but a different quadrant | reflection |

fractions with the same number in the denominator | like fractions |

the opposite operation | inverse operation |

a fraction in which the numerator is bigger than the denominator | improper fraction |

a whole number and a fraction | mixed number |

a ratio that compares a part of the group to another part of the group | part to part ratio |

a rate that makes a comparison to one unit | unit rate |

numbers that are multiplied to make a product | factors |

two ratios that name the same comparison | equivalent ratios |

numbers that have more than two factors | composite numbers |

numbers greater than 1 that only has 2 factors; 1 and itself | prime number |

a ratio that compares 2 quantities that have different units | rate |

two equivalent ratios | proportion |

LCM | least common multiple |

a number written as the product of all prime numbers | prime factorization |

skip counting; the product of two numbers when one number is constant | multiples |

rounded numbers that are easy to compute mentally | compatible numbers |

a letter that stands for an unknown number | variable |

the number being divided in a division problem | dividend |

the number that is being divided into the dividend | divisor |

math that uses number and letters | algebra |

the answer to a division problem | quotient |