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Patho neuro ch 14

Afferent Toward the center. afferent nerves carry impulses toward the central nervous system
Amnesia loss of memory
Anencephaly Congenital condition where most of the brain and skull are absent
Anomalies An abnormal structure, often congenital
Aphasia Loss of the ability to communicate, speak coherently, or understand speech
Athetoid Involuntary writing movements of the limbs and body
Atresia Blind into a tube: loss of the lumen
Aura A sensation other visual or auditory usually preceding a seizure or migraine headache
Bifurcation The division of a tube or vessel into two channels or branches
Choreiform Involuntary repeated jerking movements of the face and limbs
Clonic Consisting of rapid, alternating contraction and relaxation of skeletal muscle
Cognitive Intellectual abilities such as memory, thinking, problem-solving judgment, initiative
Coma An unconscious state where the person cannot be aroused
Contralateral Opposite side of the body
Disorientation Mental confusion with inadequate or incorrect awareness of time, place and person
Efferent Moving away from the center or efferent nerve fibres carry motor impulses to muscles
Fissure A crack or split in the surface of skin or mucous membrane
Flaccid Lack of tone in muscle or weakness and softness
Foramina An opening in bone or membrane
Fulminant Rapid, severe uncontrolled progression of disease or infection
Ganglion A collection of nerve cell bodies, usually outside the central nervous system
Hyperreflexia Excessive reflex responses
Ipsilateral Same side of the body
Labile Unstable, changing
Nuchal rigidity Stiff neck, often associated with meningitis or brain hemorrhage
Paresis Muscle weakness or mild paralysis
Paresthesia Abnormal sensations
Photophobia Increased sensitivity of the eyes to light
Precursor A substance that can be used to form other materials
Pressoreceptors Pressure receptors
Prodromal The initial period in the development of disease before acute symptoms occur
Ptosis Drooping eyelid
Scotoma A defect in the visual field
Spastic Strong involuntary muscle contractions
Stuper A state of extreme lethargy, unawareness and unresponsiveness
Transillumination The passage of light through a structure to determine if an abnormality is present
Created by: boringjen