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Separation (matter)

Chemistry 11

QuestionAnswer
Hand Separation Mechanical Mixture (Solid in a Solid) Use: when large chunks present among other solids Can use tools - tweezer, magnets
Gravity Separation Mechanical Mixture (Solid in solid) Use: when density of the solid is much different from the density of the other solids
Solvent Extraction Mechanical Mixture (Solid in solid) Use: one solid dissolves in a particular solvent
Chromatography Mechanical Mixture (Solid in solid/solid in a liquid) Use: solids are coloured and are soluble in a solvent or a mixture of solvents
Hand Separation Mechanical Mixture (Solid in liquid) Use: when large pieces of solid are present in the liquid
Gravity Separation Mechanical Mixture (Solid in liquid) Use: solid particles are present in a small amount of liquid (KD)
Filtration Mechanical Mixture (Solid in liquid) Use: solid particles are present in liquid (sand in water)
Evaporation Solutions (Solid in liquid) Use: solid is wanted and the liquid is not
Distillation Solutions (Solid in liquid) Use: the liquid is wanted; the solid may or may not be wanted
Solvent Extraction Solutions (Solid in liquid) Use: an immiscible solvent dissolves at least one but not all of the solids present (Paint thinner and iodine mixture with water)
Recrystallization Solutions (Solid in liquid) Use: one solid is dissolved, the liquid is not wanted (impure substance and want pure substance)
Distillation Solutions (Liquid in liquid) Use: two or more liquid is present with different boiling points
Solvent Extraction Solutions (Liquid in liquid) Use: immiscible solvent dissolves at least one of the liquids present
Created by: jakiday
 

 



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