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Alliteration the repetition of intial constant sounds in words in a sentence,ex: sweet smell of sucess.
Antagonist principle character in opposition to the protagonist.Sometimes not a person but an obstcle such as a foce of nature,society or inner conflict.
Antonym a word that is the opposite of another word.
Author's purpose why did the author write the selection?Is the purpose to entertain to inform or to persuade?Skim the selection and attempt to determine the author's purpose before you read the selection.
Autobiography the story of a person's life written by the person.
Biography the story of a person's life written by another person.
Cause and Effect cause statements stem for actions and events,and effects are what happens as a result of the event or action.
Characterzation the method an author uses to communicate information about the characters to the reader.
Climax the moment when the action of the stroy comes to it's highest point. thhis usually occurs at the end of the story just before the resoulution.It is the part of the story where you are pretty sure you know what is going to happen to the main character.
Compare and Contrast compare means to show similarities and contrast means to show differences.
Conclusion the end of the reading selection.
Conflict struggle between opposing forces in literature.
Character VS Character a conflict between characters such as family conflict,trouble with a bully or dfficulties in romance. type of conflict is external.
Characture VS Nature a conflict between a character and a force in nature such as a tornado,avalanche,extreme weather conditions,or any type of natural disaster. This type of conflict is external.
Character VS Self this is and inernal conflict because the struggle takes place in a character's mind.
Connections text to self;world;or text.The reader can connect what he/she has read with something else.
Context Clues information within the reading selection that helps the reader figure out the meanings of challenging words.
Dialougue the actual words that the character speaks.
Evaluate to examine and judge.
Exposition the backround information that the author provides about the setting,plot,character,or other essential stroy elements.
Expository Text text written to explain and convey information about a specific topic.
Fable a narritive intended to convey a moral or lesson to the reader.
Fact VS Opinion is it something that can be proven to be true,or is it just someone else's point of view.
Fiction any story that is the probuct of imagination rather than fact.
Figurative Language language taht cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect (personification,metaphor,simile,hyperbole).
Flashback technique in which the author interrupts the plot of the story to recreate an incident of an earilier time;flashbacks often provide additional imformation to the reader.
Folktales Stories passed through generations.
Foreshadowing a writing technique that gives readers clues about events that will happen later in the story.
Generalizations when you make assumptions about different events and/or characters and apply them to new situations.
Genre catergories of literature-mystery,horror,suspence-realistic,sports,historical adventureect.
Graphic Organizer a diagram that is used to represent information-Venn diagram,T-chart,sequence chart,cause and effect,ect.
Homonym two or more words that are pronounced alike but have different meanings.Example:aunt/ant or eight/ate.
Hyperbole an exaggerated statement used to make a strong effect. Example: I'm dying of thirst!
Imagery words and phrases used specifically to help the reader to imagine each of the sences:smell,touch,sight,hearing,and taste.
Inference reading between the lines.Taking what the author wrote and adding it to what you already know to make an assumption.
Irony a tone that is created when the speaker intends to mean that which is opposite to the words they are saying.
Judge to say if something is good or bad-if you like it or you don't.
Limerick light or humorous verse.
Metaphor a compairison between two unlike things without using the words like or as.Example:joe is a lion on the playing field.
Mood the overall feeling created by the author's words.
Narrator the speaker of the story.
Nonfiction writing that is true and the purpose is to inform.Nonfiction communicates knowledge about people,events,and/or situations.
Onomatopoeia words whose sounds express their meaning.Example:buzz,crash,whirr,clang,hiss,purr,squeak,mumble,hush,boom.
Oxymoron putting two contradictroy words together.Example: jumbo shrimp,plastic glasses,terribly pleased, pretty ugly.
Paraphrase restate in your own words.A paraphrase is a retelling of the reading selection that includes more than just the main ideas.
Personification giving lifelike characteristics to inanimate objects.Example:Planets dances in thier orbits.
Poetry writing that expresses ideas through rhythmic patterns and figurative language.
Point of view Perspective from which the story is being told.The main points of view are first person (uses the pronoun I),third person limited and third person omniscient (uese the pronouns he,she,it,they).
Third perosn limited point of view the story is told from the view-point of a character;as a result the reader is only exposed to exposed to what that character experiences.
Third perosn omniscient point of view all knowing;instead fo being a character in the story,the narrator is outside the story so the thoughts fo all of the characters are presented.
Prediction making an educated guess as to what will happen next.
Prefix letters added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning.
Protagonist the central character in a story that is the good guy.
Reaction/React offer your own opinion of the reading material.
Resolution occurs at the end of a story and includes the story's action after the climax.
Rising action the part of the story,including the exposition,which builds to the climax.
Root word a word to which prefixes and suffixes are added.
Sequential Order order in which the events in the story are presented to the reader.
Setting the environment of time and place where the action of a story occurs.
Simile a comparison between two unlike things by using thewrds like or as.
Suffix letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning.
Summarizing a concise (short yet detailed) explanation of a reading selection.A summary contains only the main ideas.
Supporting details details that support the main idea of the passage.
Suspence techniques used by the author to keep readers interested in the stroy and wondering what will happen next.
Symbol an image,object,character,or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning.
Synonym two or more words that have highly similar meanings.Ex:slim/skinny/lean/thin.
Theme the underlying message of the selection that the author is trying to convey or communicate to the reader.Theme may be thought of as the lesson or moral of the story.
Tone the clues of the story that suggest the writer;s own attitude toward elements in the story.
Visualization the ability to "see" what you are reading.
Voice voice is the author's style,the quality that makes his or her writing unique.
Created by: jnf1996
Popular English Vocabulary sets




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