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Naming acids

Naming acids, Polyatomic atoms

mono = 1
di = 2
tri = 3
tetra = 4
penta = 5
hexa = 6
hepta = 7
octa = 8
nona = 9
deca = 10
chromium(II) Cr 2+
chromium(III) Cr 3+
cobalt(II) Co 2+
cobalt(III) Co 3+
copper(I) Cu +
copper(II) Cu 2+
iron(III) Fe 3+
iron(II) Fe 2+
lead(II) Pb 2+
lead(IV) Pb 4+
mercury(II) Hg 2+
mercury(I) Hg2 2+
NI3 nitrogen triiodide
sulfur dioxide SO2
sulfur hexafluoride SF6
CCl4 carbon tetrachloride
Rule for naming compounds with a monoatomic cation and anion cation + root name of anion + ide ex. NaCl = sodium chloride
Name this ionic compound FeCl3 iron(III) chloride
acetate C2H3O2
NO3 - nitrate
nitrite NO2 -
hydroxide OH -
OH - hydroxide
ammonium NH4 +
cyanide CN -
hypochlorite ClO -
chlorite ClO2 -
chlorate ClO3 -
perchlorate ClO4 -
sulfite SO3 2-
sulfate SO4 2-
cardonate CO3 2-
MnO4 - permanganate
PO4 3- phosphate
hydrogen carbonate HCO3 -
Name this : CoCl2 * 6H2O cobalt(II) chloride hexahydrate
Acid rule for naming anions that do not contain oxygen: hydro + rootname of anion + ic
Name this acid HCl hydrochloric acid
What is the chemical formula for this acid : hydrocyanic acid HCN
Acid rule for naming anions containing oxygen: root name + ic or ous; ic - if root name ends in ate --- ous- if root name ends in ite
silver Ag+
cadium Cd 2+
zinc Zn 2+
alumminum Al 3+
Created by: 1004753962920841



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