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NV-Literary Terms

Literary Terms--VALENTICH

TermDefinition
style the author's use of vocabulary, grammar, sentence structure, imagery, and figurative language with which he/she writes
character trait a distinguishing characteristic or quality of a character
protagonist the main character in a story who drives the action of the plot toward a specific goal; often the hero
symbolism person, place, or thing that stands or represents something else; it usually conveys a deeper meaning
conflict the basic struggle or problems that occur between opposing characters or forces
foreshadowing when an author gives hints or clues that suggest certain events will occur later in the plot
tone the author’s attitude towards the story, characters, or readers
setting the time, place, and environment in which events in the story occur; usually described in the exposition
plot the series of events that occur in a story; what the story is about
point-of-view the perspective from which a story is told
imagery the author’s use of descriptive words to create pictures in the reader's mind
flashback when the author refers back to something that already occurred or took place in the story
antagonist a character or force that causes conflict towards the main character; often the villain
genre the classification of literature
theme the central idea, lesson or message the author is trying to convey in a story;
character-vs-character a type of conflict when a character has a problem with at least one other character
character-vs-society a type of conflict when a character has a problem with the law, government, or a set of rules with which one lives
character-vs-nature a type of conflict when a character has a problem with an element or force of nature
character-vs-him or herself a type of conflict when a character has a problem making decision within one's own mind
character-vs- supernatural a type of conflict when a character has a problem with something that is beyond nature or explainable by natural law
realistic fiction a story that could have actually occurred to people or animals in a believable setting; events and characters seem like real life.
historical fiction a story that is made up but is set in a a historical time period; sometimes borrows true characteristics of the time period in which it is set
science fiction A story that usually takes place in a futuristic world. Futuristic technology, space, distant worlds, time travel, robots, etc. are common elements.
mystery A suspenseful story about a puzzling event that is not solved until the end of the story; contains twists and surprises.
fantasy Magical creatures, different worlds, dragons, magic, elves, fairies, unreal animals and human characteristics are features of this genre.
exposition the part of a plot when the characters and setting are introduced and any other background information
rising action the part of a plot when complications and problems BEGIN to occur for the protagonist
climax the part of a plot when the most exciting, intense, and emotional part of a story occurs; suspense is at its peak
falling action the part of a plot where events LEAD to solving the main conflict or problem
resolution the part of a plot where the problems and main conflict have been resolved and the action has ended
character's motivation a character’s incentive or reason for behaving in a certain manner; what “motivates” a character to act a certain way
suspense the state of anxiety or tension that results from the uncertainty of what will happen next
cliffhanger a story that ends in a suspenseful way
inciting incident the precise moment in the story where the conflict begins
Created by: nvalentich9
 

 



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