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Chapter 5

associative property the property that allows the grouping of the numbers to change without changing the result
closure the property by which an answer obtained by performing an operation on any two members of a set is also in the set
common difference the number, d, that is the result of subtracting a term in an arithmetic sequence from the preceding term
common ratio the number, r, that is the result of dividing a term in a geometric sequence by the preceding term
commutative property the property that allows the order of the numbers to change without changing the result
distributive property the property by which multiplication can be done before the addition or subtraction that is contained in parentheses
mantissa The value in scientific notation that is ≥1 and < 10
characteristic the power of ten in scientific notation
geometric sequence sequence in which each term after the first is obtained by multiplying the preceding term by a nonzero constant
real numbers all of the rational and irrational numbers
arithmetic sequence sequence in which each term after the first differs from the first by a constant amount
zero exponent rule any value raised to the zero power equals 1
scientific notation product of a number ≥1 and < 10 with a power of ten
additive identity Adding 0 to a number does not change its value; a + 0 = a
multiplicative identity Multiplying a number by 1 does not change its value; a (1) = a
additive inverse The sum of the two numbers equals 0
multiplicative inverse The product of the two numbers equals 1.
Created by: mcchesney
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