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Chemistry; Ch. 5

Crystal Cathedral High School Sophomores (Semester 1; Ms. Rose)

Binary Compounds A compound that contains only two elements.
(I,O,F,Cl,Br, H) Iodine, Oxygen, Flourine, Chlorine, Bromine, Hydrogen.
How Polyatomic Ions Form Bonds Positive ions will attract to negative ions to form a bond.
Hygroscopic Substances that can easily become a hydrate by absorbing water vapor from the air.
Deliquescent Substances that are so hygroscopic that they take up enough water from the air to dissolve completely and form a liquid solution.
Anhydrous Solutions are formed by heating hydrates until the water evaporates and there is no water left.
Distillation The method of separating substances in a mixture by evaporation of a liquid and subsequent condensation of its vapor.
Allotrope Any of two or more molecules of a single element that have different crystalline or molecular structures.
Ammonium NH(4)+
Hydronium H(3)O+
Hydrogen Carbonate HCO(3)-
Hydrogen Sulfate HSO(4)-
Acetate C(2)H(3)O(2)-
Nitrite NO(2)-
Nitrate NO(3)-
Cyanide CN-
Hydroxide OH-
Dihydrogen Phosphate H(2)PO(4)-
Permanganate MnO(4)-
Carbonate CO(3)2-
Sulfite SO(3)2-
Sulfate SO(4)2-
Oxalate C(2)O(4)2-
Monohydrogen Phosphate PHO(4)2-
Dichromate Cr(2)O(7)2-
Phosphate PO(4)3-
HCl (acid) Hydrochloric Acid
H(2)SO(4) (acid) Sulfuric Acid
H(3)PO(4) (acid) Phosphoric Acid
HNO(3) (acid) Nirtic Acid
HC(2)H(3)O(2) (acid) Acetic Acid-Organic Compound
NaOH (base) Sodium Hydroxide
KOH (base) Potassium Hydroxide
NH(3) (base) Ammonia
Created by: dez(a)rey