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Mixtures & solutions


Salt water is a solution
When no more milo can be dissolved in cold milk, the solution is said to be saturated
The pulp at the bottom of orange juice is called the sediment
The dirt left on filter paper after muddy water is filtered is called residue
The substance that dissolves in a liquid is called a solute
Any liquid that can dissolve a substance is called a solvent
Boiling a liquid to make it turn into steam or vapor is called evaporation
Cooling steam or vapor to turn it back into a liquid is called condensation
When a liquid has a lot of substance dissolved in it, like strong cordial, the solution is said to be concentrated
Adding extra water to cordial is called dilution
To separate pasta, rice and salt we used a sieve/ strainer
To carefully pour the tea so that the tea leaves stay in the bottom of the cup is decanting
The mud and dirt at the bottom of a creek is called sediment
When you spin something around to make particles separate it's called centrifuging
The water that comes through filter paper is called. Filtrate
Getting inks to separate is called Paper Chromatography
Using a semi-permeable membrane is a form of Dialysis
Dialysis can be used to separate what sort of mixtures? Solutions
How does dialysis work? Stops larger particles from getting through a semi-permeable membrane
How do you get pure water back once chemicals have dissolved in it? Distillation
What separation technique is the best at separating suspensions? (makes water the most clean?) Centrifuging
Gold panning is a form of what sort of suspension separating technique? Decanting
Straining pasta is a type of... filtration
What happens to the state (liquid, gas, solid) of water as distillation occurs? Water is boiled and turns to steam (gas) and then cools in the condensing cylinder back to liquid water (condensation) which then drips back into a beaker
Created by: nicolenixon