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# Chapter 10 Math

Term | Definition |
---|---|

radical sign | the symbol which is used to represent a square root |

radicand | the number under a radical sign |

quotient property of square roots | the square root of a quotient equals the quotient of the square roots of the numerator and denominator |

square root equation | an equation that contains a square root with a variable in the radical |

square root function | a function that contains a square root with a variable in the radicand |

simplest form of a radical expression | a radical expression that has no perfect square factors other than 1, no fractions, and no radicals appearing in the denominator of a fraction in the radiacand |

rationalizing the denominator | the process of eliminating a radical from the denominator of an expression by multiplying the expression by an appropriate form of 1 |

conjugates | used to simplify radical expressions that involve a sum or difference of radicals in the denominator |

extraneous solution | a solution of a transformed equation that is not a solution of the original equation. |

theorem | a rule in mathematics |

legs | the two sides o a right triangle that form the right angle |

hypotenuse | the side of a right triangle that is opposite the right angle |

pythagorean theorem | in any right triangle, the sum of the squares of the lengths of the legs is equal to the square of the length of the hypotenuse |

distance formula | the distance d between any two points is given by the formula |