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Naming compounds

Naming inorganic compounds

QuestionAnswer
Naming Cations Cations formed from metal atoms have the same name as the metal
Naming Cations If a metal can form different cations, the positive charge is indicated by a Roman numeral in parentheses following the name of the metal.
Naming Cations Cations formed from nonmetal atoms have names that end in -ium
Naming Anions The names of monatomic anions are formed by replacing the ending of the name of the element with -ide
Naming Anions Polyatomic anions containing oxygen have names ending in -ate or -ite
Naming Anions Anions derived by adding H+ to an oxyanion are named by adding as a prefix the word hydrogen or dihydrogen, as appropriate
Naming Ionic Compounds Names of ionic compounds consist of the cation name followed by the anion name.
Naming acids Acids containing anions whose names end in -ide are named by changing the -ide ending to -ic, adding the prefix hydro- to this anion name, and then following with the word acid
Naming acids Acids containing anions whose names end in -ate or -ite are named by changing -ate to -ic and -ite to -ous, and then adding the word acid.
Naming binary molecular compounds The name of the element farther to the left in the periodic table is usually written first
Naming binary molecular compounds If both elements are in the same group in the periodic table, the one having the higer atomic number is named first
Naming binary molecular compounds The name of the second element is given an -ide ending
Naming binary molecular compounds Greek prefixes are used to indicate the number of atoms of each element
Greek prefix, 1 Mono-
Greek prefix, 2 Di-
Greek prefix, 3 Tri-
Greek prefix, 4 Tetra-
Greek prefix, 5 Penta-
Greek prefix, 6 Hexa-
Greek prefix, 7 Hepta-
Greek prefix, 8 Octa-
Greek prefix, 9 Nona-
Greek prefix, 10 Deca-
Created by: calebmo