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D04 COLOR

TermDefinition
COLOR WHEEL a circular chart that shows a color's relationship to other colors
PRIMARY COLORS The three basic pigment colors - red, yellow, blue - from which all other colors can be produced.
SECONDARY COLORS colors formed by mixing the primary colors; producing green, orange and purple
TERTIARY COLORS colors formed by mixing equal parts of a primary and a secondary color. Also called intermediate colors.
COOL COLORS restful colors like purple, blue and green that tend to recede from the viewer
WARM COLORS stimulating colors like reds, oranges, and yellows that tend to advance toward the viewer
NEUTRAL COLORS colors such as black, white, gray, brown and beige sometimes called "earth tones"
COMPLEMENTARY COLOR Colors that are opposite on the color wheel like red and green; they intensify each other with high contrast
SPLIT-COMPLEMENTARY a variation of complementary color that uses the two colors adjacent to its complement
ANALOGOUS COLORS Any two or more colors that are next to each other on the color wheel and are closely related
MONOCHROMATIC COLORS A single color hue in varying tints and shades
ACHROMATIC colors having no chroma - black, white and grays
HUE The name of any color as found in its pure state in the spectrum or rainbow.
SATURATION The purity of a color; its intensity.
VALUE Relative lightness or darkness with or without the presence of hue.
INTENSITY The strength or purity of a color; also referred to as saturation.
TINT A color with white added to make it lighter.
SHADE A color with black added to make it darker.
TONE A color with grey added to reduce its saturation or intensity
RGB Additive colors primaries; projected red, green and blue light combine to produce the full spectrum of colors.
CMYK Subtractive primaries; a 4-color process printing using cyan, magenta, yellow, and black combined to reproduce full color.
ADDITIVE COLOR Color reproduction model usually uses red, green and blue LIGHT to produce the other colors
SUBTRACTIVE COLOR Color reproduction model by mixing of paints, dyes, inks, and natural colorants to create a full range of colors.
SPOT COLOR In offset printing, any color generated by an ink (pure or mixed) that is printed using a single run.
PROCESS COLOR a method of producing full color printing by separating an image into four different colors; Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black (CMYK) which are overlaid during printing.
PMS Pantone Matching System; a widely used method of specifying spot color by means of numbered swatches
Created by: dmaww
 

 



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