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Gases, Acids,Nuclear

Review of gases

P1V1 = P2V2 Boyle's Law
this can be used to determine if a substance is an acid or base litmus paper
V1/ T1 = V2/ T2 Charles's Law
P1/ T1 = P2/ T2 Gay Lussac's Law
the relationship between variables in Boyle's law inversely proportional
the relationship between variables in Charles and Gay-Lussac's laws directly proportional
time it takes a radioactive isotope to decay by 50% half life
creating energy through the splitting of heavy unstable nuclei into lighter nuclei nuclear fission
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pressure (when squeezed) compression
the constant in Boyle's law temperature
the constant in Charles's Law pressure
the constant in Gay Lussac's Law volume
this is loss during beta decay an electron
this is loss during alpha decay a Helium atom (2 P + 2 N)
this can partially block gamma rays lead or concrete
this can block alpha particles sheet of paper
this can block beta particles wood or aluminum
says that gases can be compressed due to the empty space between particles kinetic theory
says that gases tend to move from areas of high concentration to low concentration diffusion
the anion for bases hydroxide ( OH- )
the cation for acids hydrogen ( H+ )
creating energy by combining lighter unstable nuclei into heavier nuclei nuclear fusion
a series of self sustaining chemical reactions nuclear chain reaction
Created by: cadetjt