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greek and rome

Acropolis Hilltop fortress of an ancient greek city-state
Aristocracy In greek city-state government headed by a privlaged minority of upper class
Comedies Greek plays that mocked people or customs
Democracy Government in ehitch the people hold the ruling power
Direct Democracy System of government in which citizans participate direct rather than through elected representatives
Hellenistic A cultural blend of greek, persian, egyptians and indian cultures
Homer Greek poet credited with writing The Lliad and The Odyssey
Monarchy Government in which a king or queen holds power
Oligarchy Government in which power belongs to a few people
Parthenon Famous Greek temple on the acropolis in athens
Polis City state in ancient greece
Rhetoric (rhetorical question farley) The art of skilful speaking
Socratic method Questioning process aimed at seeking the truth
Tragedies Greek plays that focused on human suffering and ussually ended in disaster
Aqueduct In anciet rome, bridge like stone structures that carried water from the hills into the cities
Civil law Body of law dealing with private rights of Roman citizens
Consul Roman official from the patrician class eho supervised the government and commanded the armies
Dictator Roman Leader appointed to rule for 6 months in times of emergency
Twelve tables ROman laws inscribed on 12 tablets and set up in the forum or marketplace
Legion Basic unit of the roman army-about 5000 soilders
Patrician Member of the landholding upper class in rome
Pax Romana 200 year span when roman rule brought peace, order, unity, and prosperity to the empire
Plebian Member of the lower class in rome, including farmers, merchants, artists and traders
Republic System of government in whitch the people choose officials
Tribune Official in rome who was elected by th Plebians to protect their interests.
Created by: azaccaria