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Chemical Bonding

Chemistry Study Guide

TermDefinition
Chemical Bond An attractive force between the atoms or ions in a compound.
Octet Rule States that atoms bond in order to achieve noble gas configurations (they get 8 valence electrons and become stable).
Ionic Bond Forms when one atom transfers it's valence electrons to another atom.
Ionic Compound The type of compound that contains ionic bonds (also called an ionic solid)
Covalent Bond Forms when atoms share their valence electrons.
Covalent Compound The type of compound that contains covalent bonds (also called a molecule or a molecular compound).
Electronegativity A measure of attraction that an atom has for a shared pair of electrons.
Nonpolar Covalent Bond Forms when electrons are equally shared
Polar Covalent Bond Forms when electrons are unequally shared.
Dipole Forms when electrons are shared unequal and results in one atom having a partial negative charge and the other atom having a partial positive charge.
Dot Symbol Shows an element's symbol and the element's valence electrons
Single Bond Covalent bond that forms when atoms share 1 pair of electrons.
Double Bond Covalent bond that forms when atoms share 2 pairs of electrons.
Triple Bond Covalent bond that forms when atoms share 3 pairs of electrons.
VSEPR Model Used to predict the shapes of molecules based upon the arrangement of electron pairs (shared and unshared) around the central atom in the molecule.
Polar molecule Has ends that have opposite partial charges
Nonpolar molecule Has ends that have the same or no partial charges.
Created by: KWOLF1