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Covalent Compounds

Review of Covalent Compounds

Chemical Compound that uses prefixes to name it covalent
Chemical Compound that does not use prefixes to name ionic
neutral group of atoms joined with covalent bonds molecule
prefix meaning 6 hexa
2 parts of a covalent bond anion + anion
2 parts of an ionic bond cation + anion
prefix meaning 3 tri
Unequal sharing of valence electrons polar covalent bond
prefix meaning 4 tetra
Covalent Bond that uses 4 shared valence electrons Double Covalent
prefix meaning 2 di
Covalent bond that uses 6 shared valence electrons Triple Covalent
Ionic & Covalent bonds are trying to acheive a ____electron configuration Noble Gas (8A)
Equal sharing of valence electrons nonpolar covalent bond
this is always needed for naming covalent compounds but never used on ionic compounds prefixes
prefix never used on first anion in covalent bond mono
VSEPR Theory says that electron pairs need to be as far apart as possible
Covalent bond that uses 2 shared valence electrons Single Covalent
Carbon-Hydrogen molecule with at least 1 double CB alkene Example: C2H4
Carbon-Hydrogen molecule with only single CBs alkane Example: C2H6
Carbon-Hydrogen molecule with at least 1 triple CB alkyne Example: C2H2
Energy needed to break a covalent bond Bond disassociation energy
Says that the goal of ionic and covalent bonds is to have 8 valence electrons Octet Rule
Having more than 1 correct structural formula resonance
formula that shows only the type of atoms and their amount molecular formula
formula that shows the type of bonds and unshared electron pairs structural formula
Energy needed to remove valence electrons from an atom ionization energy
Ability to attract valence electrons from nearby atoms electronegativity
prefix for 5 penta
Created by: cadetjt