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# math terms

### praxis ii ILA sections

Question | Answer |
---|---|

math tools | calculator, manipulatives, computers |

manipulative | hands on games, puzzles |

Pre Number and number concepts | compare, count, classify objects, ordering sets, explore sets, number patterns |

classifying | arrange or organized according to catagory or class |

ordering sets | venn diagrams, Demorgan laws, counting techniques |

Base ten numeration | place value,reading writing numbers, expanded form |

place value | digit value based on position in the number |

expanded number form | sum of its various place values ex. 1000+200+30+7 |

computational procedures | explanations, examples, word problems, describe relationship w/operations (+ -) model operations |

number terminology | factors, multiples, primes, composites, remainders, odd, even, product, etc. |

factor | one of two or more quantities that divides a given number without a remainder. ex 2 and 3 factors of 6 |

multiple | number that may be divided by another number with no remainder ex. 4, 6, and 12 are multiples of 2 |

primes | positive integer not divisible without a remainder by any positive integer other than itself ex. 3, 5, 7, 11 |

composite | having factors |

remainder | number left over when one integer is divided by another |

integer | ONLY whole numbers on the number line - positive and negative |

difference | number obtained when one number is subtracted from another |

odd | integer not divisible by 2 |

even | number exactly divisible by 2 |

rational | all numbers on number line including decimals and fractions |

computation | procedure of calculating - using mathematical or logical methods |

modeling | examples to help understanding of concept |

problem solve | use everyday situations to formulate problems |

hexagon | regular polygon with 6 equal sides and angles |

trapezoid | 4 sided figure,1 pair of opposite sides are parallel, |

rhombus | 4 sided figure of equal length and all opposite sides are parallel |

triangle | regular polygon - equilateral and equiangular |

informal geometry | simplifying geometry concepts |

coordinate geometry | use of algebra to study geometric properties, operates on symbols defined in a coordinate system |

length | measurement of something along its greatest dimension |

area | extent of a 2 dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary |

volume | amount of space occupied by 3 dimensional object expressed in cubic units |

weight | measure of the heaviness of an object |

angle | figure formed by 2 lines and 2 planes diverging from a common point and space between such lines or surfaces |

time | number representing a specific point on continuum reckoned in hours and minutes |

temperature | degree of hotness or coldness of a body or envionment |

distance | extent of space between 2 objects or places |

probablity | liklihood of something occuring |

probability | formula - total favorable outcomes divided by total possible outcomes |

organize data | counting, interpreting, representing models |

instructional strategies | prior knowledge, model, informal reasoning, demonstrate,cooperative learning styles, oral and silent work, graphic organizers, inquiry |

instructional class management | model-base management, concise, efficient, age appropriate instruction, group instruction sm and large |

atmosphere should | encourage questions, experimentation, problem solve |

assessment | informal and traditional testing |

assessment strategies | observe, portfolio, performance examples, running records, discussions |

mean | average of the number |

average | add all data and divide by the number of pieces of data |

central tendency | mean, median, mode |

mode | number that occurs most often |

median | middle value when ordered least to greatest |