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Chemistry Q3

How many bonds does carbon form? four covalent bonds
an organic compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen hydrocarbon
the simplest hydrocarbon methane
a chemical formula expressing the number of atoms of each element present in a molecule of a substance without indicating how they are linked molecular formula
a chemical formula showing the spatial arrangement of the atoms and the linkage of every atom structural formula
when two compounds have the same number of atoms of each element but in a different arrangement isomerism
the study of carbon compounds organic chemistry
organic compounds always contain _____ carbon
bonds formed by sharing electrons covalent
______ have the same molecular formula but different structural formula isomers
_____ contain one or more double bonds between 2 of the carbon atoms alkenes
type formula for an alkene C(n)H(2n) (n= # of carbon atoms)
alkene used to from polymers & plastics ethene
alkene used to synthesize polypropylene propene
_____ _____ have multiple (either double or triple) bonds between carbon atoms unsaturated hydrocarbons
unsaturated hydrocarbons alkenes & alkynes
a hydrocarbon that contains only carbon-to-carbon single bonds saturated hydrocarbon
_____ _____ has as many hydrogen atoms as possible saturated hydrocarbon
saturated hydrocarbons alkanes
hydrocarbons in which carbons are joined by single bonds alkanes
One-carbon alkane methane
Two-carbon alkane ethane
Three-carbon alkane propane
Four-carbon alkane butane
alkanes have a ____ ____ between carbon & hydrogen fixed ratio
type formula for an alkane C(n)H(2n+2) (n= # of carbon atoms)
unsaturated hydrocarbon containing one triple bond between two carbon atoms alkyne
type formula for alkynes C(n)H(2n-2)
an organic compound where the carbon atoms are arranged in a ring structure aromatic
examples of aromatics benzene, touluene & phenol
colorless flammable liquid used to synthesize many other chemicals benzene
a solvent found in paint thinners & used to manufacture TNT touluene
one or more of its 6 hydrogen atoms is replaced with other atoms or groups of atoms touluene
carbolic acid phenol
an aromatic alcohol with antiseptic qualities phenol
a substance used in embalming as a preservative, a cauterizing agent & a bleaching agent phenol
derivatives of hydrocarbon in which one or more of the hydrogen atoms has been replaced by a hydroxyl functional group (-OH) alcohols
R-OH, where R signifies an alkyl group attached to an -OH functional group (R is at minimum -CH3) general formula for alcohol
an alcohol in which the hydroxyl group (-OH) is attached to a carbon that i attached to no more than one other carbon atom primary alcohol
an alcohol in which the hydroxyl group is attached to a carbon which is attached to 2 other carbons secondary alcohol
an alcohol in which the hydroxyl group is attached to a carbon which is attached to 3 other carbons tertiary alcohol
an alcohol with only one hydroxyl group monohydroxyl alcohol
an alcohol containing 2 hydroxyl groups dihydroxyl alcohol
an alcohol containing 3 hydroxyl groups trihydroxyl alochol
those alcohols having more than 3 hydroxyl groups polyhydroxyl alcohols
aromatic derivative of benzene with a hydroxyl group attached to it phenol
any organic chemical that contains the -SH radical thiol/mercaptan
organic chemical formed when the oxygen of an alcohol is replaced by sulfur thiol/mercaptan
organic chemical with a sulfhydral group as its functional group thiol/mercaptan
formed when sulfuric acid is used to dehydrate an alcohol ether
substance formed when sulfuric acid removes water from 2 molecules of alcohol ether
general formula for ether ROR or ROR' (R is minimum CH3)
naming alkanes -ane
naming alkenes -ene
naming alkynes -yne
meth = __ 1
eth = __ 2
prop = __ 3
but = __ 4
pent = __ 5
hex = __ 6
hept = __ 7
oct = __ 8
non = __ 9
dec = __ 10
naming alcohols alkane name - "e" + "ol" OR alkyl group + "alcohol" ex: methane > methanol OR methyl alcohol
naming thiols/mercaptans parent hydrocarbon + "thiol" OR alkyl group + "mercaptan" ex. methane > methanethiol OR methyl mercaptan
Created by: leahmurphy



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