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Chapter 7

TermDefinition
Electoral college a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president.
Electors person appointed to vote in presidential elections for the major candidates
Executive order a rule or command that has the force of law
Pardon a declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment
Reprieve an order to delay a persons punishment until a higher court can hear the case
Amnesty a pardon to a group of people
Foreign policy a nations overall plan for dealing with other nations
National security the ability to keep the country safe from attack or harm
Treaties a formal agreement between the governments of two or more countries
Executive agreement an agreement between the president and the leader of another country
Ambassador an official representative of a country's government
Trade sanctions an effort to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers .
Embargo an agreement among a group of nations that prohibits them all from trading with a target nation.
Cabinet a group of advisers to the president that includes the heads of 15 top-level executive departments .
Federal bureaucracy the collective agencies and employees of the executive branch
Independent agencies federal board or commission that is not part of any cabinet department
Government corporations a business owned and operated by the federal government
Political appointees a person appointed to a federal position by the president
Civil service workers a person hired into a government position
Civil service system the practice of hiring government workers on the basis of open, competitive examinations and merit .
Spoils system rewarding people with government jobs on the basis of their political support
Merit system hiring people into government jobs on the basis of their qualifications
 

 



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