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Ionic vs Covalent

Review of Ionic and Covalent Compounds

compound made from transfer of valence electrons ionic compound
compound made from sharing of valence electrons covalent compound
Need this for knowing charge of D block elements Roman Numeral
ion name is same as the original element cation
ion name ends in "-ide" anion
prefix for 10 deca
Compound that uses prefixes to name it covalent compound
Compound that does NOT use prefixes to name it ionic compound
prefix never used on first anion in a compound mono
prefix for 9 nona
sharing 2 total valence electrons single covalent bond
sharing 6 total valence electrons triple covalent bond
sharing of 4 total valence electrons double covalent bond
this trait determines the "tug of war" over shared electrons electronegativity
charge of both ionic and covalent compounds neutral
neutral group of atoms joined with covalent bonds molecule
equal sharing of valence electrons nonpolar covalent bonding
unequal sharing of valence electrons polar covalent bonding
2 parts of an ionic bond cation & anion
2 parts of an covalent bond anion & anion
says that atoms and ions become stable with 8 valence electrons octet rule
name of ions specifically from group 7A halide
element that is the exception in group 8A due to # of valence electrons He
element that will always win the "tug of war" for shared electrons F
group that halide ions come from 7A
group's electron configuration is the goal of covalent and ionic bonding 8A
charge of ionic and covalent compounds neutral
group of atoms joined with covalent bonds AND does have a charge polyatomic ion
suffix that means "1 more Oxygen atom" -ate
suffix that means "1 less Oxygen atom" -ite
prefix for 8 octa
prefix for 6 hexa
prefix for 7 hepta
find this by adding the atomic masses of each element in the compound molar mass
SI unit for amount of substance mole (mol)
units used for molar mass grams (g)
chemical compounds that include carbon organic
chemical compounds that do not contain carbon inorganic
the number of valence electrons matches this number group
2 ways of finding the chemical formula of a covalent compound Lewis dots & prefixes
2 ways of finding the chemical formula of an ionic compound Lewis dots & criss crossing
Created by: cadetjt