Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Spanish Part 7

Part 7 Expressing Yourself With Subjunctive Feeling

TermDefinition
Subjunctive Feeling This is a mood that indicates how the speaker feels about or perceives a situation rather than when an action occurred. These include the speaker's doubts, emotions, wishes, wants, needs, desires, feeling, and speculations
Forming The Present Subjunctive If you can form the present subjunctive if you already know how to form the present tense
How To Form The Present Subjunctive Dropping the -o from the yo form in the present tense, and add the subjunctive endings.
Note About -er And -ir Verbs They use the present-tense endings of -ar verbs
hablar To speak
Comprendar To comprehend
Escribir To write
Note About -ar Verbs They use the present tense endings of -er verbs.
Present Tense Conjugation For Hablar (yo, tú, él, ella, Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos, ellas, Uds.) hable, hables, hable, hablemos, hablen
Present Tense Conjugation For Comprender (yo, tú, él, ella, Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos, ellas, Uds.) comprenda, comprendas, comprenda, comprendamos, comprendáis, comprendan
Present Tense Conjugation For Escribir (yo, tú, él, ella, Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos, ellas, Uds.) escriba, escribas, escriba, escribamos, escribáis, escriban
Es importante que yo hable con sus padres. It is important that I talk with your parents.
Es esencial que Ud. comprenda las reglas. It is essential that you understand the rule.
Es necesario que nosotros escribamos las notas. It is necessary that we write notes.
tú observes como actúan los demás. You observe how others act.
Nosotros escribamos notas. We write notes.
Vosotros leáis los contratos antes de firmarlos. We read contracts before we sign them.
Uds. presenten sus ideas y sus opinones con calma. You all present ideas and opinions with calm.
Yo negocie de buena fe. I negotiate in good faith.
Tú exprimas lo importante. You squeeze importantly.
Enrique participes en todas las discusiones. Enrique participated in all discussions.
Yo proceda lentamente. I proceed slowly.
Nosotros hablemos lenta y claramente. We speak slowly and clearly.
Rosa respondamos cuidadosamente. Rosa responds carefully.
Vosotros reflexionéis antes de hablar. You all think before speaking.
Felipe y Raúl describan bien nuestra posición. Felipe and Raul describe our good standing.
Verbs that are irregular in the yo form in the present tense use: The stem of the yo form to form the present subjunctive. Also, drop the final -o from the yo form and add the opposite endings. AKA, add an ending that starts with -a for the -er and -r verbs
Subjunctive Conjugation For Caber ("To Fit") quepa, quepas, quepa, quepamos, quepáis, quepan
Subjunctive Conjugation For Caer ("To Fall") caiga, caigas, caiga, caigamos, caigáis, caigan
Subjunctive Conjugation For Decir ("To Say") diga, digas, diga, diagamos, digáis, digan
Subjunctive Conjugation For Hacer ("To Make, To Do") haga, hagas, haga, hagamos, hagáis, hagan
Subjunctive Conjugation For Oír ("To Hear") oiga, oigas, oiga, oigamos, oigáis, oigan
Subjunctive Conjugation For Poner ("To Put") ponga, pongas, ponga, pongamos, pongáis, pongan
Subjunctive Conjugation For Salir ("To Go Out") salga, salgas, salga, salgamos, salgáis, salgan
Subjunctive Conjugation For Tener ("To Have") tenga, tengas, tenga, tengamos, tengáis, tengan
Subjunctive Conjugation For Traer ("To Bring") traiga, traigas, traiga, traigamos, traigáis, traigan
Subjunctive Conjugation For Valer ("To Be Worth") valga, valgas, valga, valgamos, valgáis, valgan
Subjunctive Conjugation For Ver ("To See") vea, veas, vea, veamos, veáis, vean
Es imposible que todo quepa en mi maleta. It's impossible that everything will fit in my suitcase.
Es urgente que Uds. hagan todo este trabajo ahora. It is urgent that you do all this work now.
Note About Verbs that end in -cer/-cir, -ger/-gir, and -guir (NOT -uir): They undergo the same changes that occur in the yo form of the present
vowel + -cer/-cir verbs c --> zc
consonant + -cer / -cir verbs: c --> z
-ger/-gir verbs: g --> j
-guir verbs: gu --> g
Ofrecer To offer
Traducir To translate
Convencer To convince
Esparcir To spread
Escoger To choose
Exigir To demand
Distinguir To distinguish
Present Subjunctive Conjugation For ofrecer ("To offer"), (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds) ofrezca, ofrezcas, ofrezca, ofrezcamos, ofrezcáis, ofrezcan
Present Subjunctive Conjugation For traducir ("To translate"), (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds) traduzca, traduzcas, traduzca, traduzcamos, traduzcáis, traduzcan
Present Subjunctive Conjugation For convencer ("To convince"), (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds) convenza, convenzas, convenza, convenzamos, convenzáis, convenzan
Present Subjunctive Conjugation For esparcir ("To spread"), (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds) esparza, esparzas, esparza, esparzamos, esparzáis, esparzan
Present Subjunctive Conjugation For escoger ("To choose"), (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds) escoja, escojas, escoja, escojamos, escojáis, escojan
Present Subjunctive Conjugation For exigir ("To demand"), (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds) exija, exijas, exija, exijamos, exijáis, exijan
Present Subjunctive Conjugation For distinguir ("To demand"), (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds) distinga, distingas, distinga, distingamos, distáis, distigan
Es una lástima que el director no le ofrezca un aumento de salario. It's a shame that the director isn't offering him a raise.
Es natural que el jefe exija mucho de sus empleados. It is natural that the boss demands a lot from his employees.
-car verbs Spelling Change For Subjunctive Form c --> qu
-gar verbs Spelling Change For Subjunctive Form g --> gu
-zar verbs Spelling Change For Subjunctive Form z --> c
Present Subjunctive Conjugation For tocar ("To touch"), (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds) toque, toques, toque, toquemos, toquéis, toquen
Present Subjunctive Conjugation For pagar ("To pay"), (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds) pague, pagues, pague, paguemos, pagué, paguen
Present Subjunctive Conjugation For organizar ("To organize"), (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds) organice, organices, organice, organicemos, organicéis, organicen
Es importante que no toques nada. It is important that you not touch anything.
Es imperativo que nosotros paguemos esta factura. It is imperative that we pay this bill.
Es necesario que él organice los datos. It is necessary for him to organize the data.
Cerrar with -ar stem change in prefix, yo tu ella ellas ellos ellan e --> ie, cierr-
Cerrar with -ar stem change in prefix, nosotros vosotros e --> ie, cerr-
Mostrar with -ar stem change in prefix, yo tu ella ellas ellos ellan o --> ue, muestr-
Mostrar with -ar stem change in prefix, nosotros vosotros o --> ue, mostr-
Querer with -er stem change in prefix, yo tu ella ellas ellos ellan e --> ie, quier
Querer with -er stem change in prefix, nosotros vosotros e --> ie, quer
Volver with -er stem change in prefix, yo tu ella ellas ellos ellan o --> ue, vuelv
Volver with -er stem change in prefix, nosotros vosotros o --> ue, volv
Quiero que Ud. cierre la ventana. I want you to close the window.
Es dudoso que ellos vuelvan temprano. It is doubtful that they will return early.
Note About -ir Verbs With An e --> ie (o --> ue) Stem, Change -e to -ie (-o to -ue) in all forms except nosotros and vosotros.
Another Note About -ir Verbs With e --> i stem change Alter -e to -i in all forms except nosotros and vosotros
Preferir To prefer
Dormir To sleep
Servir To serve
Preferir with -er stem change in prefix, nosotros vosotros e --> ie, prefir-
Dormir with -ir stem change in prefix, nosotros vosotros o --> ue, durm-
Servir with -ir stem change in prefix, nosotros vosotros e --> ie, sirv-
La profesora esta contenta que nosotros prefiramos ver una película española. The teacher is happy that we prefer to see a Spanish film.
Su padre está enojado que él duerma hasta las diez. His father is angry that he sleeps until ten o'clock.
Es dudoso que sirvan vino en la conferencia. It is doubtful that they will serve wine at the conference.
enviar To send
Conjugation For Enviar (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds): envíe, envíes, envíe, enviemos, enviéis, envíen
Note About Verbs That End In -uar: They have accent marks in all present subjunctive forms except nosotros
Continuar To continue
Conjugation For Continuar (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds): continue, continúes, continúe, continuemos, continuéis, continúen
Note About Verbs That End In -uir (NOT -guir): Add a y after the u in all present subjunctive forms
Concluir To continue
Conjugation For Concluir (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds) concluya, concluyas, concluya, concluyamos, concluyáis, concluyan
Es importante que Ud. envíe este paquete immediatamente. It is important that you send this package immediately.
Me enfada que Ud. no continúe estudiando español. I'm annoyed that you don't continue to study Spanish.
El profesor desea que los estudiantes concluyan su trabajo. The professor want the students to complete their work.
Colgar To hang
Jugar To play
Comenzar To begin
Empezar To begin
Almorzar To eat lunch
Conjugation For Colgar ("To hang") With g --> gu (o --> ue stem change) Spelling Change cuelgue, cuelgues, cuelgue, colguemos, colgueis, cuelguen
Conjugation For Jugar ("To play") With g --> gu (o --> ue stem change) Spelling Change juegue, juegues, juegue, juguemos, juguéis, jueguen
Conjugation For Comenzar ("To begin") With z --> c (e --> ie stem change) Spelling Change comience, comiences, comience, comencemos, comencéis, comiencen
Conjugation For empezar ("To begin") With z --> c (e --> ie stem change) Spelling Change empiece, empieces, empiece, empecemos, empecéis, empiecen
Conjugation For almorzar ("To eat lunch") With z --> c (o --> ue stem change) Spelling Change almuerce, almuerces, almuerce, almorcemos, almorcéis, almuercena
María está contenta de que sus perros jueguen en el jardin. Maria is happy that her dogs play in the backyard.
Estoy encantada que el espectáculo empiece ahora. I am delighted that the show will begin now.
La madre no permite que sus hijos almuercen en la sala. The mother doesn't permit her children to eat lunch in the living room.
Note About Irregular Verbs In Spanish: Some verbs are completely irregular in the subjunctive mood which means that there are no rules or patterns to form them.
dar To give
estar To be
ir To go
saber To know
ser To be
Conjugation For Subjunctive Form Of Dar (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds): dé, des, dé, demos, deis, den
Conjugation For Subjunctive Form Of Estar (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds): esté, estés, esté, estemos, estéis, estén
Conjugation For Subjunctive Form Of Ir (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds): vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayáis, vayan
Conjugation For Subjunctive Form Of Saber (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds): sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepáis, sepan
Conjugation For Subjunctive Form Of Ser (yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellans/Uds): sea, seas, sea, seamos, seáis, sean
Estamos triste que tu abuela esté enferma. We are sad that your grandmother is sick.
Yo dudo que él sepa reparar la computadora. I doubt that he knows how to repair the computer.
Es importante que nosotros sepamos conjugar todos los verbos. It is important that we know how to conjugate all the verbs.
Tú no llegues tarde a la clase y que Isabel y yo no lleguemos tarde a la clase tampoco. You should not be late to class and Isabel and I will not arrive late to class either.
Tú no pierdas y que Isabel y yo no perdamos tampoco. You should not be missing and Isabel and I did not miss it either.
Tú no tengas miedo y que Isabel y yo no lo tengamos tampoco. You do not have fear and Isabel and I do not have it either.
Tú no continúes hablando todo el tiempo y que Isabel y yo no continuemos hablando tampoco. You do not continue talking throughout and Isabel and I do not continue talking neither.
Tú no muestres la tarea a su compañero de clase y que Isabel y yo no la muestremos a nuestra compañera de clase tampoco. Tú no muestres la tarea a su compañero de clase y que Isabel y yo no la mostremos a nuestra compañera de clase tampoco.
Tú no estés nervioso en clase y que Isabel y yo no estémos nerviosas tampoco. You are not nervous in class, and Isabel and I are not nervous either.
Tú no mastiques chicle y que Isabel y yo no lo mastiquemos tampoco. You don't chew gum and Isabel and I do not chew it either.
Tú no vayas al baño y que Isabel y yo no vayamos al baño tampoco. You don't go to the bathroom and Isabel and I do not go to the bathroom either.
Tú no mientas y que Isabel y yo no mentamos tampoco. You do not tell lies and Isabel and I do not lie either.
Tú no empieces la tarea en clase y que Isabel y yo no la empecemos tampoco. You don't begin homework in class and Isabel and I do not begin it either.
Tú no envíes notas a los demas y que Isabel y yo no las enviemos tampoco. You don't send notes to others and Isabel and I do not send them either.
Tú no duermas en clase y que Isabel y yo no la durmiamos en clase tampoco. You don't sleep in class, and Isabel and I do not sleep in class either.
Tú no hagas la tarea en clase y que Isabel y yo no la hagamos en clase tampoco. You don't do homework in class, and Isabel and I do not do it in class either.
Tú no salgas de la clase sin permiso y que Isabel y yo no salgamos de la tampoco. You do not go out of class without permission and Isabel and I do not go out either.
Tú no cierres el libro y que Isabel y yo no cerremos el libro tampoco. You do not close your book and Isabel and I do not close it either.
Tú no traduzcas las frases en inglés y que Isabel y yo no las traduzcamos tampoco. You do not translate phrases into English and Isabel and I do not translate them either.
Tú no pedías el permiso y que Isabel y yo no lo pedíamos tampoco. You do not ask for permission and Isabel and I do not ask for it either.
Tú no escojas respuestas incorrectas y que Isabel y yo no las escojamos tampoco. You do not choose incorrect answers and Isabel and I do not choose them either.
Tú no juegues en la clase y que Isabel y yo no jueguemos en la tampoco. You do not play in class, and Isabel and I do not play in it either.
Tú no almuerces en clase y que Isabel y yo no almorcemos en la tampoco. You do not eat lunch in class and Isabel and I do not eat it either.
Tú no seas irresponsable y que Isabel y yo no seamos irresponsables tampoco. You are not irresponsible and Isabel and I are not irresponsible either.
Tú no des tu tarea a tus amigos y que Isabel y yo no la demos a nuestros amigos tampoco. You don't give your homework to your friends and Isabel and I do not give it to our friends either.
Note About What The Present Subjunctive Allows You To Do: This allows you to let people know about your hopes, desires, dreams, and opinions. This also gives you the ability to give advice, and insist on what you want or demand in life.
Note About When To Use The Present Subjunctive: The sentence contains a main (or independent) clause, a group of words containing a subject and a verb that can stand alone as a sentence, and a subordinate (or dependent) clause: a group of words containing a subject and a verb that can't stand alone.
Note About The Main Clause In The Present Subjunctive: It shows wishing, wanting, emotion, doubt, need, necessity, feelings, speculations, or opinion.
Note About Que In The Present Subjunctive: It joins the main clause to the dependent clause which contains a verb in the subjunctive
Es improbable que yo salga esta noche. It is improbable that I'll go out tonight.
No es extraño que él haga eso. It is not strange that he's doing that.
La profesora de español quiere que los estudiantes no hablen inglés en clase. The Spanish teacher doesn't want the students to speak English in class.
El gerente insiste en que los empleados trabajen el sábado. The manager insists that the workers work on Saturday.
Note About How An Impersonal Expression That Acts As: The main clause of a sentence is joined to the thoughts you want to relate by que, "that"
Note About When You Want To Express Wishing, Uncertainity, Need, Emotion, Etc You need to use the subjunctive in the dependent clause that follows.
Present Subjunctive: May refer to present or future actions.
Conviene que Ud. estudie mucho. It is advisable that you study a lot.
Es dudoso que yo termine todo mi trabajo esta noche. It is doubtful that I will finish all my work tonight.
No es urgente que me telefonee. It isn't urgent that you call me.
Es absurdo que It is absurd that
Conviene que It is advisable that
Es asombroso que It is amazing that
Es divertido que It is amusing that
Es malo que It is bad that
Es mejor que, más vale que It is better that
Es curioso que It is curious that
Es dificíl que It is difficult that
Es dudoso que It is doubtful that
Es fácil que It is easy that
Es suficiente que, basta que It is enough that
Es esencial que It is essential that
Es justo que It is fair that
Es conveniente que It is fitting that
Es bueno que It is good that
Es imperativo que It is imperative that
Es importante que, importa que It is important that
Es imposible que It is impossible that
Es increible que It is incredible that
Es indispensable que It is indispensable that
Es interesante que It is interesting that
Es irónico que It is ironic that
Es natural que It is natural that
Es necesario que, es preciso que, es menester que It is necessary that
Es bueno que It is nice that
Es una lástima que It is a pity that
Es posible que It is possible that
Es preferible que It is preferable that
Es probable que It is probable that
Es raro que It is rare that
Es lamentable que It is regrettable that
Parece mentira que It seems untrue that
Es extraño que It is strange that
Es sorprendente que It is surprising that
Es injusto que It is unfair that
Es urgente que It is urgent that
Es útil que It is useful that
Es sorprendente que esa mujer sea tan irresponsable. It is surprising that the woman is so irresponsible.
Es injusto que estas personas no puedan votar. It is unfair that these people can't vote.
Es cierto It is certain that
Es claro It is clear
Es evidente It is evident
Es exacto It is exact
Es obvio It is obvious
Es seguro It is sure
Es verdad It is true
Parece It seems
Es obvio que nuestros precios son competitivos. It is obvious that our prices are competitive.
Es claro que Ud. tiene razón. It is clear that you are right.
Es cierto que el avión despega pronto. It is certain that the plane will take off soon.
No es cierto que el avión despegue pronto. It is uncertain that the plane will take off soon.
Es importante que Yolanda hable con los invitados. It is important that Yolanda speak with the guests.
Es preciso que todos busquen una orquesta. It is necessary that everyone looks for an orchestra.
Es urgente que Daniel le diga el menú al cocinero. It is urgent that Daniel tells the menu to the cook.
Es seguro que todo el mundo está nervioso. It is certain that everyone will be nervous.
Es indispensable que yo envíe las invitaciones. It is indispensable that I send the invitiations.
Es importante que vosotros escojáis un buen restaurante. It is important that you choose a good restaurant.
No es evidente que todos los invitados vengan. It is not evident that all the guests will come.
Es imperativo que tú sepas a quienes quieres invitar. Its imperative that you will know who you want to invite.
Es cierto que vosotros tenéis muchos amigos. It is certain that we all will have many friends.
Es esencial que tu esposo pague con antelación. It is essential that your husband pays in advance.
Es necesario que Estela le dé una lista de los invitados al propietario. It is necessary that Estela gives the list of guests to the owner.
Es conviene que yo organice actividades. It is advisable that I will organize activities
Es claro que esta fiesta va a ser maravillosa. It is clear that this party will be wonderful.
aconsejar To advise
alegrarse To be glad, to be happy
avergonzarse de To be ashamed of
(no) creer To believe (to disbelieve)
desear To desire, to wish, to want
dudar To doubt
enfadarse To become angry
enojarse To become angry
esperar To hope
exigir To require, to demand
insistir To insist
lamentar To regret
mandar To command, to order
necesitar To need
negar To deny
ojala (que)... If only...
ordenar To order
pedir To ask for, to request
permitir To permit
preferir To prefer
prohibir To forbid
querer To wish, to want
reclamar To demand
recomendar To recommend
requerir To require
rogar To beg, to request
sentir To be sorry, to regret
solicitar To request
sorprenderse de To be surprised
sugerir To suggest
suplicar To beg, to plead
temer To fear
tener miedo de To fear
sentir To be sorry
El patrón manda que Ud. llegue a tiempo. The boss demands that you arrive on time.
Ojalá que yo gane la loteria. If only I win the lottery.
ganar To win
Created by: SamB91