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Embalming Q2

Embalming Chemicals

QuestionAnswer
chemicals which inactivate saprophytic bacteria, render unsuitable for nutrition the media upon which such bacteria thrive, & which will arrest decomposition by altering enzymes and lysins of the body as well as converting the decomposable tissues into a preservatives
alcohols ethyl methyl isopropyl
types of preservatives aldehydes alcohols phenol & phenolic compounds inorganic salts
characteristics of phenol very soluble very toxic & irritating "grandaddy" of germicides excellent preservative used on cadavers
aldehydes formaldehyde gluteraldehyde
gluteraldehyde less irritating to skin & eyes less dehydrating automatically causes less firming of tissue without sacrificing preservation more efficient no OSHA regs against fumes more expensive
purpose of inorganic salts used for osmosis
inorganic salts sodium chloride potassium nitrate sodium carbonate sodium sulfate
chemicals which kill or render incapable of reproduction pathogens germicides
quaternary ammonium compounds zephiran chloride roccal
chemicals which retard the tendency of blood to become more viscous by natural postmortem processes or prevent adverse reactions between blood & embalming chemicals anticoagulants
precipitants sodium citrate sodium oxylate calcium oxylate
sequestering agents TDA (tetrasodium diacetic acid) EDTA (ethylene diamine tetracetic acid)
chemicals that isolate individual calcium ions, rendering them unresponsive sequestering agents
liquids which serve as a solvent for all ingredients in embalming solution vehicles
chemicals which reduce the molecular cohesion of a liquid & thereby enable it to flow through smaller apertures surfactants
other names for "surfactant" wetting agent surface tension reducer penetrating agent surface active agent
types of surfactants sodium lauryl sulfate* sulfonates
substances which will, upon being dissolved, impart a definite color to the solvent dyes/coloring agents
types of dyes eosine carmine ponceau red erythrosine
chemicals having the capability of displacing an unpleasant odor or of altering an unpleasant odor to a more pleasant one reodorants/deodorant (perfuming agent) (masking agent)
type of perfuming agents methyl salicylate (oil of wintergreen)
chemicals that alter the way formalin works modifying agents
types of modifying agents humectants buffers water-conditioning agents
chemicals creating an increased capability for embalmed tissue to retain their moisture humectants
types of humectants glycerol (alcohol) sorbitol (alcohol) lanolin (from sheep) aloe (from plants) hexylene glycol (waxy)
chemicals which affect a stabilization of the acid-base balance within embalming solutions & embalmed tissues buffers
types of buffers borax & boric acid sodium bicarbonate sodium citrate EDTA disodium phosphate
chemicals added to water for primary dilution water-conditioning agents (water softeners)
types of water-conditioning agents sodium citrate EDTA sodium oxylate
chemical which is a precipitant (anticoagulant), a buffer and a water-conditioning agent EDTA
chemical which is a precipitant (anticoagulant) and a water-conditioning agent sodium oxylate
high index fluids (30-40) used for edema cases & decomp cases which contain added germicides & tissue coagulants dehydrating fluids & firming fluids
Created by: leahmurphy