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# Measurement and Data

Term | Definition |
---|---|

seconds | a short unit of time, 60 of these equals one minute |

weight | the measure of how heavy something is |

scale (on a graph) | the numbers that show one or more units used on a graph |

length | how long something is or the distance from one point to another |

meter | a standard unit of length in the metric system |

ounce | a customary unit of weight equal to one sixteenth of a pound (16 of these equals 1 pound) |

line plot | a diagram showing frequency of data on a number line |

cup | a customary unit of capacity (one of these equals 8 fluid ounces |

volume | the number of cubic units it takes to fill a figure |

kilogram | a metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 grams |

kilometer | a metric unit of length equal to 1,000 meters |

foot | a customary unit of length (one of these equals 12 inches) |

hour | unit of time equal to 60 minutes (24 of these in a day) |

formula | a rule that is written as an equation |

number line | a diagram that represents numbers as points on a line |

data | a collection of information |

area | the measure, in square units, of the inside of a plane figure |

customary system | a system of measurement in the U.S. which includes inches, feet, yards, miles, and more |

gram | the standard unit of mass in the metric system |

quart | a customary unit of capacity (one of these equals 2 pints, or 4 cups |

minute | one sixtieth of an hour or 60 seconds |

centimeter | a metric unit of length equal to 0.01 of a meter (100 of these equals 1 meter) |

capacity | the amount of liquid a container can hold |

mile | a customary unit of length (one of these equals 5,280 feet) |

milliliter | about the amount of liquid in a rain drop |

liter | the basic unit of capacity in the metric system (one of these equals 1,000 milliliters) |

metric system | a system of measurement based on tens |

millimeter | a metric unit of length (one meter equals 1,000 of these) |

square unit | a unit, such as a square centimeter or square inch, used to measure an area |

range | the difference between the greatest number and the least number in a set of data |

perimeter | the distance around a figure |

axis | a reference line on a coordinate graph |

gallon | a customary unit of capacity (one of these equals 4 quarts) |

unit cube | a precisely fixed quantity used to measure volume |

time interval | a duration of a segment of time (elapsed time) |

inch | a customary unit of length (12 of these equals one foot) |

cubic unit | a unit (such as a cubic meter) to measure volume or capacity |

mass | the amount of matter in an object, usually measured by comparing with an object of known mass |

line segment | a part of a line with two endpoints |