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Chapter 1 Biochem

Chapter 1 Biochem Notes

c=c double bond (alkene)
-OH hydroxyl group
-O- ether group
-N< amino group
-SH sulfhydryl group
-C=O ' H carbonyl group
-C=O ' OR ester group
-C=O ' OH carboxyl group
-C=O ' N ^ amide group
what did molecules and cells probably arisen from what? very simple molecules
what is the order of life? atoms, molecules, macromolecules, organelles, cell, tissue, organ, body
what are small molecules that may bond to many others to form a polymer? monomers
macromolecules formed by the bonding of smaller units polymers
macromolecules formed by the polymerization of amino acids proteins
What were the first 3 elements present before the big bang? H, He, Li
Monomer-----> polymer
amino acid --------> protein
nucleotides --------> nucleic acids
monosaccharides --------> polysaccharides
glycerol and 3 fatty acids --------> lipids
what are single-celled organisms with no nucleus? prokaryotes
the ability to increase the rate of a chemical reaction catalytic activity
the process of increasing the rate of chemical reactions catalysis
the information for the structure and function of all living organisms genetic code
the total DNA of the cell genome
individual units of the inheritance genes
a membrane-enclosed portion of a cell with a specific function organelle
the portion of prokaryotic cell that contains the DNA nuclear region
the sites of protein synthesis ribosomes
sites of photosynthesis in green plants chloroplasts
a complex of DNA and protein found in eukaryotic nuclei chromatin
an organelle that contains the apparatus responsible for aerobic oxidation of nutrients mitochondria
folds in the inner mitochondrial membrane cristae
a cytoplasmic organelle that consists of flattened membranous sacs Golgi Apparatus
contain hydrolytic enzymes lysosomes
membrane-bounded sacs that contain enzymes involved in the metabolism of hydrogen peroxide peroxisomes
membrane-enclosed organelles that contain the enzymes of glyoxylate cycle glyoxysomes
portion of the cell that lies outside the nucleus and the other membrane-enclosed organelles cytosol
cavaties within the cytoplasm of a cell, typically enclosed by a single-membrane vacuoles
what contains a nucleus surrounded by a nuclear membrane? eukaryotes
what are the 5 kingdoms? Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Anamilia
what does delta G have to be to be spontaneous, pos. or neg.? nonspontaneous? equilibrium? negative positive zero
Created by: KJFoster7114