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Chapter Three

TermDefinition
Constitution Written plan for the government.
Bicameral divided into two parts, or houses.
confederation A group of individual state governments that band together for a common purpose.
ratified approved.
Constitutional Convention All the delegates set out to strengthen the national government by creating a new plan of government.
Great Compromise Agreement providing a dual system of congressional represention
Three-Fifths compromise agreement providing that enslaved persons would count as three- fifths of other persons in determining representation in congress.
Electoral College A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
Federalists Supporters of the constitution
federalism form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
Anti-Federalists Those who opposed ratification of the constitution
Preamble An introduction that states the goals and purposes of the government
Legislative Branch Lawmaking branch of the government
Executive Branch The branch of government that carries out laws
Judicial Branch The branch of government that interprets laws
amendment any change in the constitution
Popular Sovereignty The notion that power lies with the people
Rule of Law Principle that the law applies to every one, even those who govern
Separation of powers the split of authority among the legislative executive, and judicial branches
Checks & Balances a system in which each branch of government is able to check, or restrain, the power of others
Expressed Powers powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution
Reserved Powers powers that the constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
Concurrent Powers powers shared by the state and federal goverments
Created by: taliahvargas
 

 



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