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Bases and Acids

Chapter Preview

TermDefinition
Solution A mixture containing a solvent ad at least one solute and has the same properties throughout
Solvent The part of a solution usually present in the largest amount
Solute The substance that is dissolved by the solvent
Collid A mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not settle out
Suspension A mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated by settling or filtration
Dilute Solution A mixture that has only a little solute dissolved in a certain amount of solvent
Concentrated Solution A mixture that has a lot of solute dissolved in the solvent
Solubility A measure of how much solute can dissolve in a solvent at a given temperature
Saturated Solution When you have added so much solute that no more dissolves
Acids Compounds with specific characteristic properties
Corrosive "wear away" other materials
Indicator A compound that changes color when it comes in contact with an acid
Bases Another group of compounds that can be identified by their common properties
Hydrogen Ion (H+) An atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
Hydroxide Ion (OH-) A negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
pH scale Expresses the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution
Neutralization A reaction between an acid and a base
Salt Any ionic compound that can be made from a neutralization reaction
Created by: ForemanL