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Ch.2 CBB Vocab List

Chap. 2 CBB Vocab List

TermDefinition
A state of matter that has a definite shape and definite volume. solid
A solid that is made up of crystals in which particles are arranged in a regular, repeating pattern, and which have a definite MP/FP. crystalline solid
A solid made up of particles that are not arranged in a regular pattern, and has no definite MP/FP. amorphous solid
A state of matter that has no definite shape, but does have a definite volume. liquid
Any substance that can flow such as a liquid or a gas. fluid
The resistance of a liquid to flowing. viscosity
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume. gas
The measure of the average energy (kinetic) of the particles of a substance. temperature
A force pushing on a surface divided by the area of that surface. pressure
The relationship between the volume and the pressure of a gas; when volume increases, pressure decreases. (BVP) Boyle's Law
The relationship between the temperature and the volume of a gas; when temperature increases, volume increases. (CTV) Charles's Law
A diagram that shows how two variables are related. graph
A term used to describe the relationship between two variables whose graph is a strait line passing through the origin of a graph.(As one goes up, the other goes up. As one goes down, the other goes down.) directly proportional
A term used to describe the relationship between two variables whose graph forms a curve that slopes downward. (As one goes down, the other goes up.) vary inversely
The total energy of a substance's particles due to their movement or vibration. thermal energy
A form of energy that comes from chemical bonds. chemical energy
The principle that states that the total amount of energy remains the same before and after physical and chemical changes. law of conservation of energy
The change of state from solid to liquid. melting
The change of state from liquid to solid. freezing
The change of state from liquid to gas. vaporization
The process that occurs when vaporization takes place only on the surface of a liquid. evaporation
The process that occurs when vaporization takes place inside a liquid as well as on the surface of the liquid. boiling
The change of state from a gas to a liquid. condensation
The change of state from a solid directly to a gas without passing through the liquid state. sublimation
A process in which substances undergo chemical changes, forming new substances with different properties. chemical reaction
Created by: LarryMoran