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Acids and Bases

Solution A mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute that has the same properties throughout; a mixture in which one substance is dissolved in another.
Solvent The part of a solution that is usually present in the largest amount and dissolves a solute.
Solute The part of a solution that is dissolved by a solvent.
Colloid A mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not settle out.
Suspension A mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated by settling or filtration.
Dilute Solution A mixture that has only a little solute dissolved in it.
Concentrated Solution A mixture that has a lot of solute dissolved in it.
Solubility A measure of how much solute can dissolve in a given solventat a given temperature.
Saturated Solution A mixture that contains as much dissolved solute as is possible at a given temperature.
Acid A substance that tastes sour, reacts with metals and carbonates, and turns blue litmus red.
Corrosive The way in which acids react with some metals so as to wear away the metal.
Indicator A compound that changes the color in the presence of an acid or a base.
Base A substance that tastes bitter, feels slippery, and turns red litmus paper blue.
Hydrogen Ion A positively charged ion formed of a hydrogen atom that has lost its electron.
Hydroxide Ion A negatively charged ion made of oxygen and hydrogen.
pH Scale A range of values used to indicate how acidic or basic a substance is; expresses the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution.
Neutralization A reaction of an acid with a base, yielding a solution that is not as acidic or basic as the starting solutions were.
Salt An ionic compound made from the neutraliztion of an acid with a base.
Created by: 15markleywil