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Spanish Part 6

Part 6 Doing It Right Now: Gerunds And The Present Progressive

QuestionAnswer
Gerund a verb form ending in -ing that is sometimes used in the present progressive tense in Spanish.
Gerund's Purpose In Spanish It can represent "while" or "by" + a present participle Present participle: an English verb form ending in -ing
Se puede aprender mucho viajando. One can learn a lot while traveling.
Estudiando, él salió bien en su examen. By studying, he passed the test.
Note About Gerunds Used As An Adjective Spanish Gerunds can represent past participles as adjectives.
Esa niña, quien está tocando el piano, es mi hermana. This girl, who is playing the piano, is my sister.
Spanish endings for Spanish Gerunds -ar, -er, and -ir
Nadar es mi pasatiempo favorito. Swimming is my favorite pastime
How To Form Gerunds In Spanish 1. Drop the -ar from -ar verb infinitives and add -ando (aka "ing" ending) 2. Drop the -er or -ir from -er or -ir verb infinitives and add -iendo (aka "ing")
Note If The -er or -ir verb ends in a vowel Drop the ending and add -yendo ("aka ing") to form the gerund
-yendo form of caer ("To fall") cayendo
-yendo form of construir ("To build") construyendo
-yendo form of creer ("To believe") creyendo
-yendo form of leer ("To read") leyendo
-yendo form of oir ("To hear") oyendo
-yendo form of traer ("To bring") trayendo
Note About Forming Gerunds from Stem-Changing and Irregular Verbs The stem change of a verb is indicated in parentheses after the verb
Note About How To Change a -ir verb (-e to -i, or -o to -u) 1. Change the vowel in the stem from -e to -i OR from -o to -u 2. Drop the -ir infinitive ending 3. Add the proper ending for a gerund
Mentir ("to lie") mintiendo ("lieing")
From o --> u: dormir (to sleep) durmiendo (sleeping)
Irregular Gerund Form of ir (to go) yendo
Irregular Gerund Form of poder (to be able) pudiendo
Irregular Gerund Form of reir (to laugh) riendo
escuchar to listen
el hablante speaker
estudiar to study
hablar to speak
ver to see
oración sentence
memorizar to memorize
Note About The Present Progressive Tense This tells how an event is occurring in a given amount of time.
él va a la oficina a las siete de la mañana. He goes to the office at 6 in the morning.
Another Way To Form The Present Progressive By Using Estar Use the present tense of the verb, estar ("to be") + the gerund
Present Progressive Conjugation Of Estar yo estoy tú estás nosotros estamos vosotros estáis
Estamos escuchando. We are listening
seguir (substitute present progressive verb) To follow
continuar (substitute present progressive verb) To continue
salir (substitute present progressive verb) To leave
ir (substitute present progressive verb) To go
andar (substitute present progressive verb) To walk
entrar (substitute present progressive verb) To enter
llegar (substitute present progressive verb) To get
Conjugation for Seguir ("to continue, to keep"): yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellas/Uds. sigo, sigues, sigue, seguimos, seguis, siguen
Conjugation for Continuar ("to continue"): yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellas/Uds. continúo, continúas, continúa, continuamos, continuáis, continúan
Conjugation for Salir ("To leave, to go out"): yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellas/Uds. salgo, sales, sale, salimos, salís, salen
Conjugation for ir ("To go"): yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellas/Uds. voy, vas, va, vamos, vais, van
Conjugation for andar ("To walk"): yo, tú, el/ella/Ud., nosotros, vosotros, ellos/ellas/Uds. ando, andas, anda, andamos, andáis, andan
la revista magazine
el voleibol volleyball
la radio radio
navegar to surf, to sail, to navigate
el bote boat, dinghy, launch
tomar el sol to sunbathe
Mi padre esta estudiano a el piso superior. My father is studying upstairs.
El hombre quién esta tocando la guitarra es mi hermano mejor. The man who is playing the guitar is my older brother.
Tocar la guitarra es mi pasando favorito. Playing the guitar is my favorite pastime.
Yo estoy cayendo a el edificio. I am falling off the building.
Yo estoy contruyendo la casa del árbol. I am building a treehouse.
Yo estoy creyendo que todo va a estar bien. I am believing that everything will be okay.
Yo estoy leyendo dos libros. I am reading two books.
Yo estoy oyendo dos personas hablan. I am hearing two people speak.
Yo estoy trayendo los platos de papeles. I am bringing the paper plates.
Yo estoy mintiendo. I am lying.
Tú estás mintiendo. You are lying.
Yo estoy durmiendo. I am sleeping.
Yo estoy yendo. I am going.
Yo estoy pudiendo ayudar. I am able to help.
Yo estoy riendo. I am laughing.
Tú estás escuchandome. You are listening to me.
él está hablandome. He is speaking to me.
Ella está memorizando las palabras del vocabulario. She is memorizing the vocabulary words.
Yo sigo montando mi bicicleta. I continue riding my bike.
Tú continúas andando a la calle. You continue walking down the street.
Nosotros salimos riendo después la película se terminó. We leave laughing after the movie was over.
Ellos van esquiamos todos la fin de semana. They will go skiing every weekend.
Yo estoy leyendo la revista de juego de vídeo. I am reading the newest video game magazine.
Nosotros estamos jugando voleibol a la playa. We are playing volleyball at the beach.
Yo estoy navegando a la playa. I am surfing at the beach.
Mi bote esta navegando a la océano Pacifico. My boat is sailing in the Pacific Ocean.
Yo estoy tomando el sol a la playa. I am sunbathing at the beach.
Created by: SamB91