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Term 1 Test Topics

Key topics for term 1 test

Properties of Metals Shiny, Malleable, Ductile, Good conductors of heat and electricity
Properties of Non-Metals Not malleable or ductile, not shiny, Poor conductors of heat and electricity
What is Ionic bonding Transfer of electrons from one atom to another forming ions.
When does ionic bonding occur between non-metals and metals
What is Molecular bonding The sharing of outer shell electrons
When does molecular bonding occur between two non metals
The last Family in the periodic table is called the: Inert (noble) gases
Acids always begin with (blank) in the formula Hydrogen (H)
Bases always have (blank) last in their formula Hydroxide (OH)
Define: Atom basic building blocks of matter
Define: Molecule Smallest amount of a substance that has the properties of that substance
Define: Ion a charged particle that differs in number of electrons caused by the gaining or losing of outer hell electrons in ionic bonding
Define: Isotope Forms of an element that varies in the number of neutrons
Define: Element A substance that can not be decomposed further
Define: Compound Combination of 2+ different atoms
Elements in the same family have the same number of outer shell elctrons
Elements in the same period have the same number of outer shells
Radioactive Atom an unstable atom
Alpha Particle Helium nucleus
Beta particle When a neutron decays into a proton and an electron. The electron is ejected from the nucleus
Gamma Radiation radiation given off by a radioactive element
Law of conservation of Matter states that no matter can be created or destroyed
Diatomic Molecule an who will only be found as X2
Atomic weight of H,He,C,N,O,Cl 1,4,12,14,16,35.5
VII family in the periodic table Halogens
I family in the periodic table Alkali Metals
II family in the periodic Table Alkaline Earth Medals
Diatomic Elements H,N,O,C,F,Cl,Br,I
2 liquids at room temperature Hg & Br
11 gases at room temperature H,N,O,F,Cl,He,Ne,Ar,Kr,Xe,Rn
Lab test for oxygen Glowing splint test
Lab test for hydrogen Pop Test
Silver Nitrate turns chlorine white
Silver Nitrate turns Bromine Creamy Yellow
Silver Nitrate turns Iodine Yellow
Barium Flame is Greenish yellow
Copper flame is light blueish green
Calcium flame is Yellow
Sodium flame is Yellowish Orange
Lithium flame is cherry red
Strontium flame is orange red
Potassium flame is Pale Purple
Created by: tk199509