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Matter

QuestionAnswer
What is matter? Is anything that has mass and takes up space (volume).
What is matter made of? Is made up very small particles too small to be seen.
What are the states of matter? solid, liquid, and gas
Which state of matter does not have a definite volume? Gas
Which state of matter has a definite shape? Solid
Which state of matter has particles that move away from each other, but not too far away from each other? liquid
How do you measure the volume of matter using a graduated cylinder? Read the water level from the bottom of the meniscus
What is mass? The measurement of the amount of matter something contains
What is weight? The measurement of the pull of gravity on an object
How do you measure the volume of a rectangular prism or cube? Volume = Length x width x height
I have a definite volume and my shape changes according to the shape of container. My particles can move apart from each other and flow from place to place. I am liquid
I have no definite shape or volume but can take on the shape of a container. My particles are spaced far a part and move wildly around. I am? gas
What is a mixture? Two or more substances mixed together that can be separated
What is an example of a mixture of solids? Salad, trail mix, concrete, and etc.
What is an example of a mixture of a solid and a liquid? Salt water, tea, mud, and etc.
What is an example of a mixture of liquids? Oil and vinegar, salad dressing, and etc
What is an example of a mixture of liquids and gases? Carbonated soft drinks
What is a heterogeneous mixture? A mixture made up of different substances that maintain their physical properties
What is a homogeneous mixture? A mixture where the substances are equally mixed to look one substance
What tools could you use to separate a solid from a liquid? Screen, funnel with coffee filter, or evaporation
What tools could you use to separate a solid from a solid? Sifter, magnet
What is filtration? Separating a solid from a liquid using a filter
What is sifting? Separating smaller solids from larger ones using a sifter.
What is magnetic attraction? Separating magnetic materials from a mixture.
What is floatation? When solids float to the top of a mixture and then skimmed off the surface.
What does it mean when substances in a mixture maintain there physical properties? looks, acts, or feels different but is the same substance.
How is an ice cube an example of a physical change? Because it is still water just in a solid state.
What is a solution? A mixture where substance are equally mixed to look like one
What is a solvent? The substance that does the dissolving
What is a solute? The substance that dissolves
What is the universal solvent? water
What is the solvent in salt water? water
What is the solute in salt water? salt
How could you separate salt water? evaporation
Why is a solution a mixture? Because you can separate it.
What tool would you use to separate iron from a mixture? magnets
When does a solute dissolve in a solvent at a faster rate? When the water temp is hot, particle size is smaller and rate of stirring is increased
When is a solution more concentrated? When there is more solute than solvent, or when there is less solvent than solute
Why is a solution a mixture? Because it can be seperated
What type of mixture is a solution? Homogeneous
Created by: AMESAcademy
 

 



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