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IB Chem 10 HL

Protic solvent solvent that provides a source of protons (H+) eg. water, ethanol
Aprotic solvent solvent that does not provide a source of protons (H+)eg. propanone, hexane
Transition state Unstable state that passes quickly from reactants to products
Intermediate state Stable state between reactants to products
Carbocation Carbon with a positive charge
Markovnikov's rule the hydrogen will attach to the carbon that is already bonded to the greater number of hydrogens
lithium aluminium hydride (LiAlH4) Catalyst for reduction of carboxylic acid to primary alcohol
sodium borohydride (NaBH4). Catalyst for reduction of ketone to secondary alcohol
Cis isomers Isomers with the same groups on the same side of the double bond or cyclical compounds
Trans isomers Isomers that have the groups on the opposite sides of the double bond
E isomers somers with >2 different groups and have the two most important group opposite
Z isomers Isomers with >2 different groups and have the two most important groups on the same side
Chiral carbon Carbon that have 4 different groups
Enantiomers Optical isomers that exist in pairs
Diastereomers Optical isomers that contain two or more chiral carbons that are not mirror images of each other
Created by: andrewweng0406
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