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# Math Operations

### 5th Grade Math terms

Term | Definition |
---|---|

operations | Mathematical processes. The most common are addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. |

addition | The process of calculating the sum of two or more numbers. |

subtraction | The process of calculating the difference of two or more numbers. |

multiplication | The process of combining numbers to find the product. Repeated addition of numbers. |

division | The process of separating a number into equal groups to find a quotient. Repeated subtraction of numbers. |

array | Arrangement of items in rows and columns, representing a number. |

factors | Numbers multiplied to get the product. |

product | The result of two or more factors. The answer to a multiplication problem. |

quotient | The result of a number being divided. The answer to a division problem. |

divisor | The number by which the divididend is to be divided. The number of groups the dividend is to be separated. |

dividend | A number to be divided by the divisor. |

remainder | The left over amount in a division problem. |

compatible numbers | Numbers that work together well and can be calculated easily mentally. |

area model | Using length and width (a rectangle or square) to represent a problem. |

algorithm | The standard process to solve. |

approximate | Using numbers close to the actual number. |

rounding | A method to shorten numbers, and make calculations easier, usually ending in zeros. |

equation | States that two things are equal, uses an equal sign. |

expression | A number sentence that may not use an equal sign. |

multiple | A number that can be divided by another number without a remainder. Skip counting. |

prime number | Can only be divided evenly by 1 and itself. |

composite | Can be divided evenly by other numbers, not just 1 and itself. |

Created by:
pope5thgrade