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Chpter 26

Why can Athens be called a city of contrasts? Its called the city of contrasts because everything was different. Some people lived in small houses some in big.
In what ways did Greek gods and goddesses play an important part in the lives of the Athenians? They were prayed to to have good luck on long journeys or voyages. They also dedicated everyday life to them.
What were the Greek gods and goddesses like? By myths they were all originally heroes that helped the world then became gods.
What was the Parthenon? One of the most beautiful temples in greece, the parthenon was built on a long platform. The main room had a statue of athena in it. The parthenon was on the acopolis with 3 other temples.
Label the parts of the Parthenon Pediments, frieze, columns, and metopes.
How did Athenian sculpture change over the years? Once they finished they added more details and weapons and sheilds.
Who was Phidias? what did he do? Phidias was a famous sculptor who sculpted the statue of athena in the parthenon
List three ways Greek drama differed from plays and movies of today. 1.The actors were only men. 2. When there was a female character they wore masks that had the feelings that the character was expressing. 3.The chorus usualy explained what happened like a narrator.
What do philosophers do? They talked about nature, trading ideas about what the world was made of and how.
How did Socrates try to teach others? He asked them questions that made them think about their beliefs.
What happened to Socrates? He was put on trial and pleaded guilty and was killed by poison.
What was the purpose of athletic events in Greece: To stay fit and honor the gods.
Describe one Panathenaic event that is part of our present Olympics. The foot races are held at or present day olympics.
Describe one Panathenaic event that is not part of our present Olympics. Pancratium which you wrestle another man and try to make them surrender, unconscious or dead.
Created by: mwitt843



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