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MadisonBerryUnit3

Unit 3 Vocabulary Words chaps. 9-11

TermDefinition
Political party an association of voters with broad common interests who want to influence or control decision making in government by electing the party's candidates to public office
Two-party system a system of government in which tow parties compete for power
Third party a party that challenges the two major parties
Platform a series of statements expressing the party's principles, beliefs and positions pm election issues
Caucus a meeting of political party members to conduct party business
Political machine a strong party organization that can control political appointments and deliver votes
Direct primary an election in which voters choose candidates to represent each party in a general election
Closed primary an election in which only the declared members of a party are allowed to vote for that party's nominees
Open primary an election in which voters need not declare their party preference to vote for the party's nominees
Plurality the most votes among all those running for a political office
Majority a number that is more than 50 percent of the total
Petition a formal request for government action; a process by which candidates who are not affiliated with one of the two major parties can get on the ballot for the general election in most states
Polling place the location where voting is carried out
Ballot the list of candidates on which you cast your vote
Absentee ballot one that allows a person to vote without going to the polls on Election Day
Returns ballots and results of an election
Exit poll a survey taken at polling places of how people voted
Electorate all the people who are eligible to vote
Proposition a petition asking for a new law
Referendum a way for citizens to vote on state or local laws
Recall a special election in which citizens can vote to remove a public official; situation in which a company pulls a product off the market or agree to change to make it safe
Propaganda certain ideas that may involve misleading messages designed to manipulate people
Political Action Committee (PAC) political organization established by a corporation, labor union, or other special-interest group designed to support candidates by contributing money
Soft money donations given to political parties and not designed for a particular candidate's elections campaign
Public opinion the ideas and attitudes that most people hold about elected officials, candidates, government, and political issues
Mass media mechanisms of mass communication, including television, radio, newspaper, magazine, recordings, movies, and books
Interest group a group of people who share a point of view about an issues and unite to promote their beliefs
Public opinion poll a survey in which individuals are asked to answer questions about a particular issue or person
Pollster a specialist whose job is to conduct polls regularly
Survey to gather information about, as in a poll
Print media newspapers, magazines, newsletters, and books
Electronic media radio, television, and the internet
Public agenda issues considered most significant by government officials
Prior restraint government censorship of material before is is published
Malice evil intent
Regulatory used to describe an agency or body whose function is to control or govern
Nonpartisan free from party ties or bias
Lobbyist representative of an interest group who contacts lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making
Created by: 1569587
 

 



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