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Prehistory to 1500

What does Paleolithic mean? Old stone
What is the proper name for the first humanlike creature? Australopithecines
What is the nickname for the first humanlike creature? Lucy
What does 'homo' mean? Human
Modern humans are called what? It stands for wise, wise humans. Homo sapiens sapiens
What two countries did the bearing straight connect? Canada and Russia
What continent did homo sapiens sapiens originate from? Africa
What is the motive of nomads? Follow food
What continent did all of man originate from? Africa
What does Neolithic mean? New stone
When did the Neolithic Revolution start? 8000 to 5000 bce
What is known as the most important event in history? Neolithic revolution
When your ___ and ___ are taken care of, your culture will flourish. Food and security
What was the first form of writing? Cuneiform
What country is modern day Mesopotamia? Iraq
What is irrigation? A system of moving water
Where did early civilizations start near? Near rivers
River makes nearby land fertile with __. Minerals
What empire did Hammurabi reign in? Babylonian
What was a main principle of the code of Hammurabi? An eye for an eye
In the Code of Hammurabi, high class= Less punishment
Which river was near the ancient Egypt civilization? Nile
What system of writing did ancient Egyptians use? Hieroglyphics
What was the Egyptian social structure? Pyramid
What did the Rosetta Stone help translate? Hieroglyphics
What is the name of the city in the Indus river valley? Harappa
What country is where Harappa used to be? Pakistan
Harappa- ancient ___ civilization. Indian
Harappa was the beginning of the ___ system. Caste
What is a caste? Social system
What was the lowest in the caste system? Untouchables
A caste system is a rigid social ___. Hierarchy
1st, 2nd, and 3rd rankings in caste system: Priests, warriors, workers
What does "Mesoamerica" mean? Middle America
Which middle American civilization was in 1200 bce in Mexico? Olmec
Which middle American civilization was in 300-900 ce in Mexico? (Earliest) Maya
Which middle American civilization was in 1100s ce in Mexico? (Middle) Aztecs
Which middle American civilization was in 1400s bce? In Mexico? (Latest) Inca
Which civilization out of South America started later? (in Peru) Inca
Why did the Incas have to start later? They had bad ___ and no beasts of ___. Geography, burden
Silk road- from China to ___. Rome
What were the trade routes for India's empire? Silk road
The silk road helped exchange ___ and ___. Religion, culture
What traveled from china, to India, Africa, and Europe? Camel caravans
What was the first Chinese dynasty? Shang
What dynasty was the first to use oracle bones to get answers? Shang
What was the second dynasty in China? Zhou
Which dynasty was the one to use "the mandate of heaven"? Zhou
Which Chinese idea said, "the ruler may keep ruling if fair"? Mandate of heaven
What was the third Chinese dynasty? Qin
Which dynasty was the dynasty to build the Great Wall of China? Qin
The Great Wall of China was used to keep out ___. Nomads
Who were known to live in city-states? Not in one big country? Greeks
Where is the source of western culture? Athens
Who created drama? Greeks (Athens)
Who was "all about war"? Sparta
What does oligarchy mean? Ruled by few
Who were strict and kept men in the military until they were 60? Sparta
Where was the birthplace of democracy? Athens
What is it called when "everyone votes for everything"? Direct democracy
Who unified Greece? Athens
Who lost to Sparta in the Peloponnesian war? Athens
Who said, "question everything"? Socrates
Who conquered most of the Mediterranean by age 20? Alexander the Great
Alex the great spread the __ empire the furthest. Greek
What term is used for "the love of wisdom"? Philosophy
Who wrote down Socrates’ work? Plato
Who was Plato’s student? Aristotle
Who created the Socratic method? Socrates
What is a person called if they die for a cause? Martyr
What is it called when this type of government elects people to make laws for them? Republic
What was the upper class called in Rome? Patricians
What was the upper class called in Rome? Plebeians
Who was the senate made of? Patricians
What is the first set of Roman laws known as? 12 tables
Where was it stated that you are innocent until proven guilty, and that you have the right to defend your self in court? 12 tables
Where was Jesus from? Israel
Who did the Jews in Israel resist? Romans
When was Jesus born? (Approximately)` 1 ce
When did Jesus die? This is also around the time that Christianity was "born". 33 ce
Where is Mail located? West Africa
What were two main exports out of Mali? Gold, salt
What is the same of Mail’s Capital? Timbuktu
Where did Mansa Musa go, as a Muslim? Mecca
What did Mansa Musa bring tons of? (Literally) Gold
What is the largest land empire ever? Mongols
The Mongol’s military was ___. Unstoppable
The Mongol’s military was best with ___ and ___. Guns, horses
Who conquered Russia? (They were Mongolian) Golden Horde
Why didn't the Mongolian army take over Europe? Ogedei died
Why did the Mongolian army stop japan? Kamikazes
Which important Mongol started and spread the empire? (Grandpa) Genghis Kahn
Which Mongolian Khan died in Poland? (Son) Ogedi Kahn
Which Mongolian took china and called it the Yuan dynasty? (Grandson) Kublai Kahn
Who were in small tribes, and not in one big central government? Japanese
Who united ancient Japan into one country? Yamamoto
What is a military servant in Japan, that is much like a knight? Samurai
What is known as the samurai code, or way of the warrior? Bushido
What is an aristocrat? Rich people
What were Japans agriculture based on? Rice
What land system did Japan use? Feudal land system
What was Japan’s main religion? Shinto
What is the word for "belief that a spirit is in everything"? Animistic
What is kami? Spirit of ancestors
Why did Pope Urban II send knights on holy crusade to the middle east? To reclaim holy lands
What did knights get for their kill count or dying in the crusades? Penance
What is penance? Rewards in heaven
What was the place known as the "holy land"? Jerusalem
What is a crusade? Holy war
Crusaders brought back ___ texts that the Muslims had preserved. Philosophical (By Plato/Aristotle)
In the Crusades, between the Catholics and the Muslims, who win? Muslims
What did the Muslims preserve? Greek and roman texts
What does schism mean? Split
Which two churches split in The Great Schism? Holy Roman Church, Eastern Orthodox Church
Where did the Bubonic Plague come from? Middle East
Who was the bubonic plague transmitted from? Traders
What fraction of the population of Europe did the bubonic plague kill? 1/2 to 1/3
The bubonic plague was brought by the Mongols and traders on the ___. Silk road
The bubonic plague also leads to loss of ___ in the church to protect people. Faith
What does orthodox mean? The right way
What started the first Christian church? Peter
What denomination was the first Christian church? Catholic
Where is the Pope located? Rome
Who copied everything from the Greeks? Romans
What does hominid mean? Human like
What does "Out of Africa" mean? All humans started in Africa and then spread from there.
What kinds of items were traded on the Silk Roads? Luxury Items
List the Chinese dynasties in order. Shang Zhou (Joe) Qin (Chin) Han Sui Tang Song Yuan Ming Qing (Ching) Republic Mao Zedong De!
Name the four big Greek philosophers in order. (SPAA) Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Alexander the Great
What did the Greek philosophers want to explain? How things happen in nature without saying "The gods did it."
What is reason/rationality? Thinking things through, getting proof
What does "Khan" mean? Ruler of the Universe
How did the Mongols commit biological warfare? Catapulting infected dead bodies over city walls.
Created by: rockcastle