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DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid
The shape of a wound up DNA Double-Helix
Four different molecules in DNA Guanine(G), Adenine(A), Thymine(T), Cytosine(C)
Phosphate What makes up the pillars of the double-helix
What molecules pair with each other A & T, G & C
How many base pairs (ex. T & A)make up the human body? 3 billion
Transcription strands split up and transcribe a complementary MRNA
RNA ribonucleic acid, instead of Thymine it has Uracil
TRNA the 'trucks' for amino acids, amino acids are attached to TRNA molecules. TRNA has RNA codes. The TRNA attach to the RNA strand because they match
Amino acids building blocks of protein, protein = chain of amino acids, 20 different amino acids
How many bases are needed to code for an amino acid 3 bases
Codon 3 bases
Funny Rule all proteins are genes, not all genes are proteins
gene a string of base pairs that codes a particular protein or serves a certain function
Allele specific variant of gene
Created by: amay83