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No true nucleous Prokaryotes
Has a true nucleous Eukaryotes
Three dimensional frame for cell Cytaskeleton
Made up of sugar and protein Glycoprotein
Made up of sugar and phospholipids Glyocolipids
Sugar coating that covers some cells surface Glyococalyx
Small spherical sacs of packaged proteins Vessicles
The process of self-digestion of a cell Autolysis
Binds to specific binding sites on cell surfaces Ligands
An enzyme rich liquid that fills the spaces b/w the cristae Matrix
The fluid of the cell is called Cytosol
Type of ER that is involved in protein production Rough
Everything inside the cell except the nucleus and genetic material Cytoplasm
A contractile protein Actin
The process of cell to cell recognition Contact signaling
Sticky glycoproteins that cover the surface of most cells CAM--Cell Adhesion Molecules
A motor protein Myosin
Type of ER that is active in the synthesis and storage of lipids Smooth ER
What are normal products of cell division that can be harmful to the cell Free radicals
The thickest fibers in the cytoskeleton Microtubules
Programmed cell death Apoptosis
Cell eating Phagocytosis
Cell drinking Pinocytosis
Proteins that span the width of the cell membrane Integral proteins
Monitors what goes in/out of the nucleus Peroxisomes
Modifies and package protein molecules Golgi Apparatus
How many species are there on the earth 8.7 million
3 domains of life Bacteria, archaea, Eukarya
Single cell organisms are in what kingdom Protista
3 main shapes of bacteria cocci (spherical), bacilli(rods), spirochete(spiral)
Cats, dogs and humans are Class mammalia
Outside layer of cell membrane is hydrophilic
Site of cellular respiration Mitochondria
Toxoplasmosis is kingdom protista
Ringworm is kingdom fungi
Functions of cell membrane self-repair, updating surface receptors, renews sticky outer coating
Propels the cell through fluid and moves in whip-like motion Flagella
Comprised of 9 pairs of microtubules around a center pair Flagella and cilia
Moves mucous, debris and fluid across cell; occur in large numbers on surface of cell Cilia
Comprised of dissolved electrolytes, amino acids, simple sugars Cytosol
Small, hollow cylinders composed of microtubules Centrioles
Names the 8 taxonomic hierarchy in order Domain,Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, species
Taxonomy developed by Carolus Linnaeus
Groups of cells that have differentiated into specialized tissues working together Multicellular
Can carry out all life's functions on its own Single celled
4 elements that make of 95% of living tissues Hydrogen Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen
Separates everything inside the cell from outside environment, is a flexible, elastic barrier Cell membrane
2 types of globular proteins Integral, Peripheral
Proteins bound to the surface of the cell membrane, either insides or outside Peripheral proteins
Subunits that contain protein and ribosomal RNA Ribosomes
Cat Felis catus
Dog Canis familiaris
Three types of fibers Microtubules, Intermediate Fibers, Microfilaments
Composed of Actin and Myosin, which plays a key role in cell shape changing Microfilaments
Membrane bound structure within the cytoplasm Organelles
Six differential organelles Mitochondra, Ribosomes, ER, Golgi Apparatus, Lysosmes, Peroxisomes
Involved in protein synthesis Rough ER
Active in the synthesis and storage of lipids Smooth ER
They use O2 in their enzyme to detoxify substances Peroxisomes
Assist in converting free radicals into hydrogen peroxide(H2O2) Peroxidases
Reduce H2O2 into H2O Catalases
Known as basal bodies that form bases of cilia and flagella Centrioles
Packed units that the cell has engulfed Inclusions
Considered the stomach of the cell Lysosomes
Soluble protein is made here and distributed throughout the cytoskelton Ribosomes
Site of biochemical reactions: AA, fatty acid catabolism, resp. electron transport, oxidative phosphoralation Mitochondria
Threadlike granules dispersed throughout the nucleus Chromatin
Gelatinous fluid that contains organelles Cytosol
One half the chromosome number Haploid
Cellular reproductive process that results in 2 daughter cells that are exactly the same as the originating cell Mitosis
Nonliving structures within cytoplasm Inclusion bodies
Protein channels within the plasma membrane that allow certain substances to enter/exit Integral proteins
Cellular reproductive process that results in offspring with half the chromosomes as original cell Meiosis
Arranged in two layers in the plasma membrane Phospholipids
Control center for the cell, chromosomes found within Nucleus
Assembly site for ribosomal particles--found within the nucleus Nucleoli
Finger-like folds in the plasma membrane that act to increase the surface area for absorption Microvilli
Shelf like folds on the inner membrane of the mitochondria Cristae
Created by: 1quilter



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